10 World’s Biggest Pepper Producers- According FAO Statistical Corporate Database (FAOSTAT) in 2020, there are 10 World’s Biggest Producers of Pepper. Pepper can be known as multifunction in supporting human life. Many people used and processed these aromatic plants as food spice, medicinal substance, and some agrochemical products. In terms of pharmacy industries, some pepper treats several diseases such as urological problems, skin, liver and stomach ailments. In addition, Piper species has positive affect on natural antioxidants and antimicrobial agents in food preservation.
Taxonomically, these plants are belonged to Order: Piperales; Family: Piperaceae; Subfamily: Piperoideae. The Piperaceae family includes members of flowering plants in the form of shrubs, often climbs using sticky roots, and has a characteristic that the leaves often smell aromatic or spicy taste.
Statistically, there are some main area of pepper cultivations. Geographically, based on the continent regions, Asia and American continent still become the major area of cultivations. Asia contributes 78% of World production around 599 thousand tons of Pepper in 2020. Meanwhile, Americas contributes 18% of World Production around 132 thousand tons. Africa and Oceania still minor production with twenty-two thousand tons and 129 tons of pepper, respectively. Overall, the World’s Production of Pepper in 2020 reached 714 thousand tons with harvested area around 606 thousand hectares (Ha).
Based on the Country regions, there are 10 World’s Biggest Pepper Production. These data were obtained from FAO Statistical Corporate Database (FAOSTAT) in 2020. Here is the Rank of Pepper production based on the Country.
Table Rank of 10 World’s Biggest Pepper Producers
|Rank||Countries||Production of Pepper in 2020|
|Source : FAOSTAT, 2022|
Brief Description of 10 World’s Biggest Pepper Producers
Vietnam became the biggest producer of Pepper in 2020. According to FAO Statistical Corporate Database (FAOSTAT) in 2020, the production of pepper from Vietnam reached 270,192 tons. Geographically, there are some biggest cultivation area peppers in Vietnam. Some of the biggest provinces are Dak Lak, Dak Nang, Dong Nai, Bihn Phuoc, Ba Ria-Vung Tau, Gia Lai. Most of the cultivation of pepper are concentrated in Central Highlands and Southern region. Based on the cultivars, there are some kind peppers plated in Vietnam. Statistically, these are Black pepper, White pepper, ground pepper, red pepper, and green pepper
Brazil is the second-biggest producer of Pepper in 2020 and biggest producers from America Continent. According to FAO Statistical Corporate Database (FAOSTAT) in 2020, the production of Pepper from Samba Country (Brazil) reached 114,749 tons. Geographically, the pepper from Brazil is cultivated in some state. These biggest states are Para, Espirito Santo, Bahia, Maranhao. Based on the cultivars, Black Pepper (Piper ningrum) is the most popular pepper in Brazil. Some of the productions of Pepper from Brazil are exported to some Europe and American region/ continent.
Indonesia still became the biggest three of pepper producer in the world. According to FAO Statistical Corporate Database in 2020, the production of Pepper from Indonesia reached 89,041 tons. Geographically, there are main are of Pepper production in this country. The province of Kepulauan Bangka Belitung, Lampung, Sumatera Selatan, Jawa Timur, Kalimantan Barat, Sulawesi Selatan, Sulawesi Tenggara are some provinces in Indonesia that have the biggest production of Pepper. Based on the type of pepper, Black pepper, White pepper, green pepper, and red pepper are some of the cultivars that planted in some Indonesia regions.
India is the fourth biggest producer of Pepper. Statistically, the production of Pepper from India reached 66,000 tons in 2020. Geographically, in India, there are some states that become the main area of Pepper. Some states are Kerala, Karnataka, Assam, Tamil Nandu. Of all the states, Kerala and Karnataka still become the main contributor to India’s Pepper production. Kerala contributes more than 50% and Karnataka around 35% to national production.
Srilanka is the fifth biggest producer of Pepper. Statistically, the production of Pepper from Sri Lanka reached 43,557 tons in 2020. Geographically, there are some districts in Sri Lanka that has become the main cultivation area. Matale, Kandy, Kegalle, Badulla, Ratnapura, Monaragala, and Kurunegala are some districts in Sri Lanka that become the backbone of Pepper production in Sri Lanka
China is sixth-biggest producer of Pepper in the World. According to FAO Statistical Database in 2020, the production of Pepper from China reached 33,131 tons. Geographically, there are some provinces in China that become the main area of Pepper. Some provinces are Guizhou, Henan, Yunnan, Jiangsu, Hunan, Shandong, Guangdong, Liaoning.
Malaysia is the seventh-biggest producer of Pepper in 2020. Based on the FAO Statistical Database in 2020, the production of Pepper from Malaysia reached 30,804 tons. Statistically, Serawak region still become the major area of Pepper cultivation in Malaysia. Around 90% of Pepper in Malaysia come from Serawak. Genetically, Kuching cultivar is one of the popular pepper planted in Serawak.
Tajikistan is the eighth-biggest producer of Pepper in 2020. According to FAO Statistical Database in 2020, the production of Pepper from Tajikistan reached 21,269 tons.
Mexico is the ninth biggest producer of Pepper in 2020. According to FAO Statistical Database in 2020, the production of Pepper from Mexico reached 10,399 tons. Geographically, in Mexico, there are some states has had huge contribution to National pepper in Mexico. These states are Veracruz, Tabasco, Chiapas, Puebla, and Oaxaca. Based on the cultivar, White, Black, and Green are some of the planted pepper in Mexico.
Madagascar is the 10th world’s biggest producer of Pepper in 2020. Statistically, the production of Pepper from Madagascar reached 4,532 tons. Most pepper from Madagascar are cultivated along Sambirano river in Northwest area of the island, region Sofia, Diana, and Sava.
Bibliography of 10 World’s Biggest Pepper Producers
FAOSTAT. 2022.Production of Pepper (piper spp.): top ten producers. Accessed via https://www.fao.org/faostat/en/#data/QCL/visualize on May 2nd, 2022.
Madamagazine. 2022. Accessed via https://www.madamagazine.com/en/wo-der-pfeffer-waechst/ on June 6th, 2022.
Agri exchange. 2022. India Production of Pepper. Accessed via https://agriexchange.apeda.gov.in/India%20Production/India_Productions.aspx?hscode=1096 on June 2nd, 2022.
K-Agriculture. 2022. Vietnam pepper production industry: Towards sustainable development accessed via https://k-agriculture.com/vietnam-pepper-production-industry-towards-sustainable-development/ on June 2nd, 2022.
Federative Republic of Brazil. 2011. Brazil Country Paper in Pepper Production, Processing and Trade. accessed via http://www.ipcnet.org/admin/data/ses/1329380831thumb.pdf on June 2nd, 2022.