10 World’s Biggest Wine Producers-According to FAO Statistical Corporate Database (FAOSTAT), there are 10 World’s Biggest Wine Producers. As commonly we has known, wine is a famous product of Grape Fermented. Some countries are favored with this beverage. Wine is an alcoholic beverage that is made from fermented grapes. Chemically, because of the natural chemical balance on the molecules of grapes, the fermentation process of grape can do nothing with the addition of sugar, acids, enzymes, water, or other nutrients.
In the fermentation process, the yeast, commonly used Saccharomyces cerevisiae, Kloeckera (Teleomorph Hanseniaspora), Candida, Brettanomyces (Teleomorph Dekkera), will consume the sugar content of the wine and convert it into ethanol and carbon dioxide. Of course, different variations of the type of grapes and yeast will produce diverse types of wine.
Commonly, there are several types of wine, namely, Red Wine, White Wine, Rose Wine, Sparkling Wine, Sweet Wine, and Fortified Wine. There are more of them because of technologies and new breakthroughs of the processing systems.
The World’s Production of Wine From 1970 to 2020
|Years||World’s Production of Wine|
|Source : FAOSTAT, 2023|
Based on the Worldwide database, the production of wine across the world is in declining era if it is compared from 1970 to 2020. Statistically, the world’s production of wine in 1970 reached 30 million tonnes. Furthermore, in 2020, the world’s production of wine in 2020 declined to 26.6 million tonnes. Basically, the world’s wine production has the peak production in 1979 with production achieved 37 million tonnes.
Specifically, based on continental regions, the world production of wine in 2020 still concentrated in Europe. Overall, Europe produced 17 million tonnes of wine, followed by America with the production of around 4.6 million tonnes, Asia with 2.3 million tonnes, and Oceania with 1.4 million tonnes.
Production of Wine Based on Continent in 2020
|Continent||Production of Wine 2020|
Based on the Country site, there are 10 world’s biggest of Wine producers in 2020. All of the data was obtained from FAO Statistical Corporate Database (FAOSTAT) in 2020. Here are the ranks of the biggest wine producers.
The Table Rank of 10 World’s Biggest Wine Producers
|Ranks||Country||Production of Wine in 2020|
|5||United States of America||1,886,634|
|Source : FAOSTAT, 2023|
Brief Description of 10 World’s Biggest Wine Producers
Italy become the biggest country of wine producers. In 2020, Based on the FAO Statistical Corporate database 2019, the production of wine reaches 5.1 million tons. Geographically there are some regions of wine production in Italy. These regions are Veneto, Tuscany, Piedmont, Emilia-Rmagna, Lombardy, Umbria, Abruzzo, Trentino, Friuli-Venezia, Marche.
France become the second biggest country of wine producers. In 2020, the production of wine from France reaches 3.9 million tons. Geographically, there are seven primary wine production regions in France: Alsace, Bordeaux, Burgundy, Loire, Provence, and the Rhone Valley comprise the dominant French wine regions
Spain become the third biggest in the world. In 2020, the production of Spain’s wine up to 4.0 million tons. Geographically, there are some regions in Spain that became the main area of wine. The wine region in Spin is divided into seven regions based on the climate: (1) Northwest “Green” Spain includes the region of Rías Baixas, Ribeira Sacra, Bierzo, Txakolina. (2) Ebro and Duero River Valleys (Rioja, Ribera del Duero, Toro, Rueda, Cariñena); (3) Northern Mediterranean Coast (Cava, Priorat, Montsant); (4) Southern Mediterranean (Utiel-Requena, Yecla, Jumilla, Bullas) ; (5) Central Plateau (Méntrida, Uclés, Vinos de Madrid); (6) Andalucía (Sherry, Sierras de Málaga, Montilla-Moriles Key Grapes: Palomino, Pedro Ximénez, Muscat de Alexandria); (7) The Islands (Islas Canarias, Illes Beleares Key Grapes: Palomino, Listán Negro, Callet)
China become the fourth biggest wine producer. In 2020, wine production reach 2.00 million tons. Geographically, there are some provinces in China that have the main area of wine production. these provinces are Shandong, Hebei, Beijing, Tianjin, Shaanxi, Jilin, Liaoning, Xinjiang Uyghur, Ningxia Hui, Gansu, Inner Mongolia, Yunan, Sichuan Province.
5.United States of America
The United States of America become the fifth biggest wine producer. In 2020, the wine production based on the FAO Statistical database reaches 1.88 million tons. Geographically, in this country, there are some states in the USA that have many wineries. These states are California, Washington State, Oregon, New York State, Virginia, Texas, Pennsylvania, and Ohio.
Australia become the sixth biggest producer of wine. Based on the FAO statistical database in 2020, the production of wine from Australia reaches 1.1 million tons. Geographically, wine regions in Australia are concentrated in the southern, cooler parts of the country, with vineyards located in South Australia, New South Wales, Victoria, Western Australia, Tasmania, and Queensland.
Argentina is the seventh biggest wine producer in the world. According to FAO Statistical Database in 2020, the production of Argentina’s wine reach 1.07 million tons. Geographically, there are some provinces in Argentina that become the biggest area of wine. These provinces are Mendoza, San Juan, and La Rioja. Salta, Catamarca, and Río Negro.
South Africa become the eighth-biggest wine producer. Statistically, the wine production from this country reaches 1.04 million tons. Geographically, in this country, wine is grown throughout the Western Cape and in parts of the Northern Cape, KwaZulu-Natal, and Eastern Cape regions.
Chile is the ninth-biggest wine producer in 2020. Statistically, the production of Chile’s wine reaches 1.03 million tons. Geographically, there are some regions in Chile that become the main areas of wine. These regions are around Maipo, Colchagua, and Casablanca Valley.
Portugal is the next 10th biggest producer of wine in 2020. Based on the FAO Statistical database 2020, the production of Portugal’s wine reaches 626 thousand tons. Geographically, there are some regions of wine area in Portugal. These are Vinho Verde, Bairrada, Lisbon, and Madeira.
Bibliography of 10 World’s Biggest Wine Producers
Winefolly. 2021. Map of Italian Wine Regions. Accessed via https://winefolly.com/deep-dive/italian-wine-regions-map/ on December 30th, 2021.
Winefolly. 2021. Map of Spain Wine Regions. Accessed via https://winefolly.com/deep-dive/map-of-spain-wine-regions/ on December 30th, 2021.
USAwineratings. 2021. An Introduction to the Top 10 Wine Regions of the USA. Accessed via https://usawineratings.com/en/blog/insights-1/an-introduction-to-the-top-10-wine-regions-of-the-usa-38.htm on December 30th, 2021.
DecanterChina. Wine Regions in China. Accessed via https://www.decanterchina.com/en/regions/china/ on December 30th, 2021.
Wikipedia. 2021. Argentina Wine. Accessed via https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Argentine_wine on December 30th, 2021.
Wikipedia. 2021. Australia Wine. Accessed via https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Australian_wine on December 30th, 2021.
Amfori. A Well-Rooted and Ripening Industry. Accessed via https://www.amfori.org/sites/default/files/amfori-2020-01-29-Brochure-Chilean-Wine-Programme_0.pdf on December 30th, 2021.
Travel-Boo. 2020. 5 Of the Best Wine Regions of Portugal. Accessed via
https://travel-boo.com/top-wine-regions-of-portugal/ on December 30th, 2021.