10 World’s Biggest Groundnut Producers- According to FAO Statistical Corporate Database in 2022, there are 10 World’s Biggest Groundnut Producers in 2020. These producers have huge production of groundnut (Arachis hypogaea). Taxonomically, this species can be included into Order: Fabales; Family: Fabaceae; Subfamily: Faboideae; Genus: Arachis; Species: A. hypogea. So, Groundnut has a close relationship with Glycine max (soybean), Phaseolus (beans), Pisum sativum (pea), Cicer arietinum (chickpeas), Vicia faba (broad bean), and Medicago sativa (alfalfa). Functionally, Groundnut has a large amount of protein, so many people want to cultivate these plants. Meanwhile, this plant has resistant to drought conditions. With these conditions, this species can be cultivated in the rainfed agroecosystem.
Statistically, according to FAO Statistical Corporate Database in 2022, the cultivations of groundnut (arachis hypogea) are distributed in some regions. Overall, the world’s production of groundnut is around 53.6 million tonnes, with a harvested area of around 31 million hectares. Based on the continent regions, the production of groundnut is distributed into several regions. Asia continent or region still the main area production with production around 31.6 million tonnes followed by Africa with 16.8 million tonnes. Meanwhile, the Americas is the third region with the biggest production, with 5.1 million tons output in 2020.
Based on the Countries’ rank of groundnut production, there are 10 World’s Biggest Production of Groundnut in 2020. These data were obtained from FAO Statistical Corporate Database in 2022. Here is the rank of the biggest of groundnut Producers.
The Rank of World’s Biggest Groundnut Producers
|Rank||Country||Production of Groundnut in 2020|
|4||United States of America||2,782,290|
|Source : FAOSTAT, 2022|
The Brief Description of World’s Biggest Groundnut Producers
China is the biggest groundnut Producer in 2020. According to FAO Statistical Database, in 2020, the production of groundnut from Panda country reached 17.9 million tonnes. Geographically, in this country, there are some areas that become main area of production of groundnuts in China. These areas include Henan, Shandong, Guangdong, Liaoning, Hebei, Jilin, Sichuan, and Anhui.
India is the second biggest of Groundnut producer in 2020. According to FAO Statistical Corporate Database in 2020, the production of Groundnut from India reached 9.9 million tonnes. Geographically, in India, there are many regions of groundnut cultivation. These states include Gujarat, Rajasthan, Tamil Nadu, Andhra Pradesh, Karnataka, Madhya Pradesh, and Maharashtra. Gujarat still become the major part that has biggest production than other states.
Nigeria is the third biggest producer of groundnuts in 2020. According to FAO Statistical Corporate Database in 2020 (FAOSTAT), the production of groundnut from Nigeria reached 4,492,778 million tonnes. Geographically, there are some regions in Nigeria that have a huge production of groundnut. These areas are Kaduna, Niger, and Benue. These 3 biggest regions are a major part of national groundnut production in Nigeria.
4. United States of America
United States of America (USA) is the fourth biggest producer of groundnut in 2020. According to FAO Statistical Corporate Database (FAOSTAT) in 2020, the production of groundnut from Abraham Lincoln’s country reached 2.78 million tonnes 2020. Geographically, there are main regions in USA that has a huge contribution to National production. Statistically, Georgia is the main region of USA National groundnut production followed by Florida, Alabama, Texas, North Carolina, and South Carolina.
Sudan is the next biggest producer of groundnut in 2020. Statistically, the production of groundnuts from this country reached 2.77 million tonnes in 2020. Geographically, some of the cultivation groundnut from Sudan located in Darfur, Kordofan, Gazeria, and East Sudan.
Senegal is the sixth-biggest producer of groundnut in 2020. Statistically, the production of Groundnut from Senegal in 2020 reached 1.79 million tonnes. Senegal has a “groundnut basin. The groundnut basin is the central part of the cultivation of groundnut in Senegal. Geographically, the basin stretched from a large swathe of central to western Senegal and north of Gambia.
Myanmar is the next biggest producer of groundnut from the Asian region. This country can produce around 1.64 million tonnes of groundnut in 2020. In Myanmar, groundnut is not only used as a source of edible oil but can consume directly. In addition, some harvested groundnut can be processed into snacks and confectionery.
Argentina is the eighth biggest producer of groundnut in 2020. Statistically, the production of groundnuts in 2020 reached 1.28 million tonnes. Geographically, the main production of groundnuts from Argentina concentrated in the provinces of Córdoba, La Pampa, San Luis, and Buenos Aires.
Guinea is the ninth biggest producer of Groundnut in 2020. Statistically, the production of Groundnut in 2020 reached 1.07 million tonnes. In Guinea, Groundnut has become one of the main crops in Sudan and this country still exported the oil of nut to other countries.
Indonesia is the 10th biggest producer of Groundnut in 2020. Statistically, the production of Groundnut in 2020 reached 860 thousand tonnes. East Java (Jawa Barat), Central Java (Jawa Tengah), DI Yogyakarta, and East Java (Jawa Timur) still become the major province of Indonesia with huge production of Groundnut.
Bibliography of 10 World’s Biggest Groundnut Producers
FAOSTAT. 2022. Production of Groundnuts, with shell. Accessed via https://www.fao.org/faostat/en/#data/QCL/visualize on August 16th, 2022.