10 World’s Biggest Countries of Orange Producers– Based on the FAO Statistical Corporate Database in 2019, there are 10 World’s Biggest Countries of Orange Producers. The citrus plant is an annual fruit crop native to Asia. Historically, China is believed to be the place where oranges first grew. From time to time, many people cultivated this plant because citrus fruits have economic value and contain high enough nutrients so they can be consumed fresh or processed. Taxonomically, this plant is included in Division: Spermatophyta; Sub-division: Angiospermae; Class: Dicotyledonae; Order: Rutales; Family: Rutaceae; Genus: Citrus; Species: Citrus sp.
Now, these fruits become one of the world’s most popular fruits with seventy-five million tons and a harvested area of around four million hectares across the world. The increasing usage of oranges in many aspects to fulfill human’s consumption make this fruit must be produced periodically.
The World’s Production and Harvested Areas of Oranges From 1980 to 2021
|Years||Harvested Areas||Production of Oranges|
|Source: FAOSTAT, 2023|
Statistically, in the World’s database, the production and harvested areas of oranges has increase from time to time. In 1980, the harvested areas of oranges were 2.2 million hectares with production 40 million tons. Meanwhile, in 2021, the world’s production of oranges 75 million tons with harvested areas around 3.9 million hectares (ha).
In the continental region, the Americas and Asia are the biggest producers of oranges in 2021. Based on the FAO Statistical Corporate Database (FAOSTAT), the production of Asia and America reached 29.3 million tonnes and 29.1 million tonnes, respectively. Meanwhile, Africa and Europe is next position with the production of around 10 million tonnes and 6.5 million tonnes, respectively.
Based on the country producers, there are 10 World’s Biggest Country Producers of Orange. This place is spread around the world. Here is the rank of 10 World’s Biggest Countries of Orange Producers.
The Rank of 10 World’s Biggest Countries of Orange Producers
|Ranks||Country||Production of Oranges in 2021|
|5||United States of America||4,015,200|
|9||Iran (Islamic Republic of)||2,139,913|
|Source : FAO Statistical Corporate Database (FAOSTAT), 2023|
Brief Description of 10 World’s Biggest Countries of Orange Producers
Brazil become the world’s biggest country producer of orange. In 2021, according to the FAO Corporate Statistical Database, the production of Samba‘s country reaches 16.5 million tons. Geographically, there are someplace or states of orange production in Brazil. These areas are São Paulo, Triângulo Mineiro and West-Southwest Minas Gerais Citrus Belt. Based on the genetic variations, there are some varieties that are mostly cultivated in Brazil. Some of them are Hamlin, Westin, Rubi, Valencia Americana, Seleta, Pineapple, Pera Rio, Valencia, Valencia Folha Murcha, and Natal.
Economically, in this country, the company has a bigger role in the production and maintaining export markets. These popular companies with lead the export the orange market from Brazil is Citrosuco SA Agroindústria, Sucocitrico Cutrale Ltda, and Louis Dreyfus Commodities Brasil SA.
India is the second biggest orange producer in the world. In 2021, the production of Orange from this country reaches 10.2 million tons. Statistically, the total cultivated land of orange in the country reaches 4.79 lakh hectares (479 thousand hectares). Major states of orange cultivation are in Madhya Pradesh, Punjab, Maharashtra, Rajasthan, and the Haryana States. In Mahatma Gandhi’s country, genetically, there are some popular orange varieties cultivated in India. These are Nagpur Santra, Coorg Santra, Khasi Santra, Mudkhed, Shringar, Butwal, Dancy, Kara (Abohar), SZ-IN-COM, Darjeeling Mandarin, Sumithra mandarin, Seedless-182, and Kinnow mandarin.
China was the third world’s biggest orange producer in 2021. Statistically, the production of China’s orange reached 7.5 million tons. Geographically, there are some provinces in China with the biggest production of Orange. These provinces are Jiangxi Sichuan, Chongqing, and Guangxi. In this country, genetically, some of the oranges from China are Kinno, Swatow, Ponkan, Lukan, and Dekopon.
Mexico is the fourth-biggest of orange production in the world. Statistically, the production of Mexico orange reached 4.5 million tons in 2021. In this country, geographically, there are some states of orange production. These states are Veracruz is the leading state for growing oranges with the production of more than two million metric tons a year. This state contributes about 51% of Mexico’s total orange production. Other states where orange growing are Tamaulipas (13% of national production), San Luis Potosí (10%), Puebla (6.2%), Nuevo León (4.9%) and Sonora (4.1%).
5.United States of America
The United States of America is the fifth biggest producer of oranges. Statistically, in 2021, the production of orange reaches 4.0 million tons. Geographically, there are some stats of the biggest contribution of Orange in the USA. California contributes 54 percent of the total United States citrus production, followed by Florida totaled with the contribution of 42 percent to national orange, Texas and Arizona produced contributes 4 percent. Genetically, in this country, there are some popular varieties of Orange in the USA. These varieties are Valencia, Navel, Clementine, Cara Cara Orange, Blood, Bitter, Bergamot, Lima.
Spain is the European country with the biggest production of Orange. In 2021, the production of Orange reached 3.6 million tons. Geographically, the orange production stretched along the Mediterranean regions and the islands in Spain. Andalucía and Valencia are the main regions of citrus production. Both had a volume production of this citrus fruit of over 1.5 million metric tons in that year. Based on Statista data, the production of Andalusia’s orange reached 1.6 million tons, followed by Valencia with 1.5 million tons, and Murcia with 123 thousand tons.
Egypt is an African Country with the biggest production of Orange in the world. Statistically, the production of Orange from Egypt reached 3.0 million tons. Geographically, in Egypt, there are some places of orange production. The main production areas are the Behera governorate, Qalyoubia governorate, Ismailia governorate, Sharkia governorate, Menoufia governorate, and Nubaria district. Genetically, there are some popular citruses cultivated in Egypt, namely orange, mandarin, lime, lemon, grapefruit, sour orange, kumquat, shadouk, pummelo, and citron. Statistically, the main varieties are Navel orange and Valencia orange followed by Mandarin varieties, lemon, Balady orange, although other species, such as Grapefruit, sour orange, and Kumquat.
Indonesia is the eighth biggest of orange production with 2.56 million tons in 2021. Geographically, there are some provinces in Indonesia with the biggest production of Orange. East Java (Jawa Timur) still become the biggest production of Orange in Indonesia with production reaching seven hundred thousand tons, followed by North Sumatra (Sumatera Utara), Sumatera Barat (West Sumatera), Riau, Kalimantan Selatan, dan Kalimantan Barat. Genetically, there are some popular oranges in Indonesia, namely Pontianak, Berastagi Orange (Medan), Mandarin Orange, and Sunkist Orange
9. Iran (the Islamic Republic of)
Iran is the ninth biggest country of orange production. Statistically, the production of orange reached 2.1 million tons. Geographically, the Northern Iranian Province of Mazandaran is a major area for the cultivation of citrus fruits.
Italy is the 10th biggest producer of Oranges in 2021. Based on the FAO Statistical Corporate Database (FAOSTAT) in 2022, the orange production from Italy reached 1.7 million tonnes. Geographically, there are some regions of orange orchard in Italy. Sicily, Calabria, Sardinia, and Basilicata are some of the main regions of oranges in Italy.
Turkey is the 10th biggest orange production in the world. In 2019, the production reach 1.7 million tons. In Turkey, Geographically, the primary orange production is in the Mediterranean and Aegean regions. Some part of production is in Adana province is 25.9 percent, 22.7 percent for Mersin, 18.9 percent for Hatay, 16.2 percent for Antalya, 8.1 percent for Mugla, 4 percent for Izmir, 2.4 percent for Aydin, and 1.1 percent for Osmaniye province.
Bibliography of 10 World’s Biggest Countries of Orange Producers
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