Top 8 Indonesia’s Biggest Provinces with Palm Oil Production

Top 8 Indonesia’s Biggest Provinces with Palm Oil Production

8 Indonesia’s Biggest Provinces with Palm Oil Production- According to the database of Ministry of Agriculture in Indonesia, there are 8 Indonesia’s Biggest Provinces With Palm Oil Production in 2019. Basically, these regions has huge production of Palm Oil (E. guineensis). Biologically, in its taxonomy, this plant can be included into Order: Arecales; Family: Arecaceae; Subfamily: Arecoideae; Tribe: Cocoseae; Genus: Elaeis.

Top 8 Indonesia’s Biggest Provinces with Palm Oil Production

Production of palm oil in Indonesia has started since 1964. Nowadaya, Indonesia become the World’s biggest producers of Palm Oil with production around more than 45 million tonnes. in Indonesia, most of the oil palm was cultivated mostly by Companies. The companies manage around 7.9 million hectares or 54% of total palm oil agricultural land. Meanwhile, the small farmers can manage around 5.8 million hectares or 41% total agriculture land. The rest of the land was managed by Government. With huge production of Palm Oil, Indonesia in 2019 can export its Crude Palm Oil (CPO) and its derivatives reached 36 million tons. The destination of Indonesian CPO are China, India, Pakistan, Bangladesh, and other countries.

Top 8 Indonesia’s Biggest Provinces with Palm Oil Production- Some Regions indonesia

Here is the rank of the province / regions with huge production of Palm Oil in Indonesia. All of this data was obtained entitled “Statistik Perkebunan Unggulan Nasional 2019-2021” published by Ministry of Agriculture in Indonesia.

The Rank 8 Indonesia’s Biggest Provinces with Palm Oil Production

Region / Province in IndonesiaProduction (tonnes) in 2019Total Land of Palm OilTotal Production of Palm Oil in 2019
SmallholdersGovernment EstatePrivate Estate(Hectares(ha))(tonnes)
Riau4.789.191335.1752.741.6212.741.6219.513.208
Kalimantan Tengah (Central Kalimantan) 502.1827.162.6591.922.0837.664.841
Sumatera Utaran (North Sumatera)1.541.5371.339.381 2.766.3951.373.273 5.647.313
Kalimantan Barat (West Kalimantan) 973.4421.424.1414.219.0572.017.456 5.235.299
Sumatera Selatan (South Sumatra)2.300.08885.7611.663.3061.191.401 4.049.156
Kalimantan Timur (East Kalimantan)506.3723.633 3.458.8801.254.2243.988.883
Jambi 1.469.61982.661.332.1271.034.8042.884.406
Kalimantan Selatan (South Kalimantan)244.0849.693 1.411.620471.2641.665.397
Source : Ministry of Agriculture, 2020
Notes :
Smallholders = The land owned and managed by Farmers
Government Estate = The land owned and managed by Companies
Private Estate = The land owned and managed by Goverment


Brief Description of Rank 8 Indonesia’s Biggest Provinces with Palm Oil Production


Top 8 Indonesia’s Biggest Provinces with Palm Oil Production- Brief Descriptions

1.Riau  

8 Indonesia’s Biggest Provinces with Palm Oil Production- Riau

Riau still become the main region in Indonesia with biggest production of Palm Oil. Statistically, the production of Palm Oil from Riau in 2019 reached 9.513.208 tonnes with total agricultural land around 2.741.621 hectare. Based on the specific regions on city/regency, many palm oil plantation in Riau can be found mostly in Kampar with 413 thousand hectares, Rokan Hulu (410 thousand hectares), Siak (347 thousand hectares), Pelalawan (325 thousand hectares), and Rokan Hilir (282 thousand hectares).          

2.Kalimantan Tengah (Central Kalimantan)        

8 Indonesia’s Biggest Provinces with Palm Oil Production- Kalimantan Tengah

Kalimantan Tengah (Central Kalimantan) is the second biggest province / region of Indonesia in Palm Oil Production. Statistically, in 2019, the production of Palm Oil from Kalimantan Tengah (Central Kalimantan) reached 7.664.841 tonnes with Palm oil agricultural land around 1.922.083 hectare. Based on the regions in regency/ city, many palm oil plantation in Kalimantan Tengah can be found mostly in   Kotawaringin Timur with total area around 406 thousand hectares, Seruyan (332 thousand hectares), Lamandau (175 thousand hectares), Gunung Mas (125 thousand hectares), and Kapuas (103 thousand hectares)      .

3.Sumatera Utara (North Sumatera)     

8 Indonesia’s Biggest Provinces with Palm Oil Production- Sumatera Utara

Sumatera Utara (North Sumatera) is the third biggest province/ region in Indonesia as producer of Palm Oil. Statistically, the production of Palm Oil reached 5.647.313 tonnes with agricultural land around 1.373.273 hectare. Based on the specific regions of regency/ city, many palm oil plantation in Sumatera Utara can be found mostly in  Asahan with total plantation area around 77 thousand hectares,Labuanbatu Utara (73 thousand hectares), Labuhanbatu selatan (42 thousand hectares), and Padang lawas (33 thousand hectares).      

4.Kalimantan Barat (West Kalimantan)

8 Indonesia’s Biggest Provinces with Palm Oil Production- Kalimantan Barat

Kalimantan Barat (West Kalimantan) is the fourth biggest province/ region in Indonesia with huge production of Palm Oil. In 2019, according to Database of Ministry of Agriculture, the production of Palm Oil reached 5.235.299 tonnes with recorded agricultural land 2.017.456 hectares.   Based on the specific regions of regency/ city, many palm oil plantation in Kalimantan Utara can be found mostly in  Sanggau, Ketapang, Bengkayang, Landak, and Sambas.

5.Sumatera Selatan (South Sumatra)    

8 Indonesia’s Biggest Provinces with Palm Oil Production- Sumatera Selatan

Sumatera Selatan (South Sumatra) is the 5th biggest region/province in Indonesia with have huge production of Palm Oil. Based on the database of Ministry of Agriculture in 2019, the production of Palm Oil reached 4.049.156 tonnes with agricultural land around 1.191.401 hectare.  Based on the specific regions of regency/ city, many palm oil plantation in Sumatera Selatan can be found mostly in  Musi Rawas with total plantation area around 313 thousand hectares, Musi Banyuasin (202 thousand hectares), Ogan Komering Ilir (229 thousand hectares), and Pagar Alam (130 thousand hectares).            

6.Kalimantan Timur (East Kalimantan)  

8 Indonesia’s Biggest Provinces with Palm Oil Production- Kalimantan Timur

Kalimantan Timur (East Kalimantan) is the 8th biggest region/ province in Indonesia that have huge production of Palm Oil. Based on the database of Ministry of Agriculture in 2019, the production of Palm Oil reached 3.988.883 tonnes with agriculture land around 1.254.224 hectare. Based on the specific regions of regency/ city, many palm oil plantation in Kalimantan Timur can be found mostly in 10 regencies and cities with the largest area in East Kutai Regency reaching 459,616.36 hectares. The land in East Kutai has oil palm with an area of 181,503.25 hectares. Another large oil palm area is located in Kutai Kartanegara Regency, reaching 224,223.15 hectares, followed by West Kutai with 146,304.81 hectares. Next, Berau Regency with an area of 123,389.50 hectares and North Penajam Paser (PPU) with 52,291.18 hectares and Mahakam Ulu with an area of 19,926 hectares.             

7.Jambi              

8 Indonesia’s Biggest Provinces with Palm Oil Production- Jambi

Jambi is the 7th biggest region/ province in Indonesia which have huge production of Palm Oil. Statistically, the production of Palm Oil from Jambi reached 2.884.406 tonnes with agricultural land around 1.034.804 hectares. Based on the specific regions of regency/ city, many palm oil plantation in Jambi can be found mostly in Muaro Jambi with area of pf Palm Oil around 136 thousand hectares, Merangin 71 thousand hectares, Batanghari 53 thousand hectares, Bungo 93 thousand hectares, and Tebo 114 thousand hectares.

8.Kalimantan Selatan (South Kalimantan)

8 Indonesia’s Biggest Provinces with Palm Oil Production- Kalimantan Selatan

Kalimantan Selatan (South Kalimantan) is 8th biggest region / province in Indonesia that has huge production of Palm Oil in 2019. According to Database of Ministry of Agriculture, the production of Palm Oil from Kalimantan Selatan (South Kalimantan) reached 1.665.397 tonnes with recorded agriculture land around 471.264 hectares. Based on the specific regions of regency/ city, many palm oil plantation in Kalimantan Selatan can be found mostly in  Kotabaru with plantation area around 155 thousand hectares, Tanah Laut (73 thousand hectares), Tapin (55 thousand hectares), and Tanah Bumbu    (73 thousand hectares).              

Bibliography of 8 Indonesia’s Biggest Provinces with Palm Oil Production

Ministry of Agriculture.2020. Statistik Perkebunan Unggulan Nasional 2019-20121. Accessed via https://ditjenbun.pertanian.go.id/template/uploads/2021/04/BUKU-STATISTIK-PERKEBUNAN-2019-2021-OK.pdf on December 4th, 2022.

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