According to data from the Food and Agriculture Organization, there is 5 world’s most popular milk. Basically, milk is a white, nutritious liquid produced by the mammary glands of mammals. In our daily life, because of the advancement of technology, animal milk is also processed into various products such as butter, yogurt, ice cream, cheese, sweetened condensed milk, milk powder, and others for human consumption. So, basically, consumers have multiple choices about the different milk products
Milk is certainly needed by humans to help meet nutritional needs to improve the quality of life. Nutritionally, milk is a highly nutritious food ingredient because fresh milk contains a variety of complete and balanced food substances such as protein, fat, carbohydrates, minerals, and vitamins. So, basically, most of the human ever consume the milk because of nutritional content and it’s good the body and support our lives.
In general, there are several types of milk that are most popular in the world based on the mammals, ranging from cow, camel, buffalo, and sheep. these animals are bred and reared with appropriate management to produce quality milk that human wants. With the production of quality milk, it is certainly able to support human development efforts in the future. Statistically, here are some of the most popular types of milk in the world based on the mammals that produce them. This data was obtained from the FAO Statistical Database (FAOStats), in 2019.
Table Rank of 5 World’s Most Popular Milk
|Rank||Source of Milk||Production of Milk in 2019|
|1||Cow Milk||715 Million|
|2||Buffalo Milk||133 Million|
|3||Goat Milk||19 Million|
|4||Sheep Milk||10.5 Million|
|5||Camel Milk||3.1 Million|
|Source : FAO Statistical Database, 2019|
Brief Description of 5 World’s Most Popular Milk
Cow milk is still the most popular milk in from time to time. Many people love it. In 2019, based on data from FAO, milk production from cow reached 715 million tons. In general, there are several species of cattle such as Holstein Friesians which are the main source of milk production. These Holsten cattle come from European countries such as the Netherlands, Germany, Denmark, Austria, Switzerland, Belgium, France, and their populations have spread all over the world. In addition to the Holsten species, there are several other types of cows for milk production, namely Ayrshire, Brown Swiss, Guernsey, Holstein, Jersey, Milking Shorthorn
Based on statistical production, there are several countries that produce the highest cow’s milk in the world. These countries include the United States of America with production reaching 99 million tons, followed by India with the production of 90 million tons, Brazil 35 million tons, Germany 330 million tons, China 32 million tons, Russian Federation 31 million tons, France 24 million tons, New Zealand 21 million tons, Colombia 21 million tons, and Turkey with 20 million tons.
2. Buffalo Milk
Buffalo is ranked 2nd as the animal that is milked the most. Its production in 2019 reached 133 million tons. Statistically, based on FAO data in 2019, there are several countries that produce the highest buffalo milk, namely India with production reaching 92 million tons, followed by Pakistan with the production of 34 million tons, China 2.9 million tons, Egypt 2.1 million tons, Nepal 1.3 million tons, Italy 249 thousand tons, Myanmar 204 million tons, Iran 128 million tons, Indonesia 85 million tons, and Turkey 79 million tons. In the world, there are some species of Buffalo as dairy production. These species are Murrah, Nili-Ravi, Kundi, Surti, Jaffarabadi, Bhadawari, and Mehsana.
3. Goat Milk
Goat is the 3rd most important animal as dairy animal. Overall the production of goat milk reaches 19 million Ton. Based on the FAO statistical database, there are some countries with the biggest production of Goat Milk. These countries are India with a production of 5.4 million tons, followed by Bangladesh 2.7 million tons, Sudan 1.1 million tons, Pakistan 940 thousand tons, France 656 thousand tons, Turkey 577 thousand tons, Spain 535 thousand tons, South Sudan 460 thousand tons, Niger 391 thousand tons, and Netherlands 386 thousand tons. According to the genetic species, there are some species of goat that are commonly used for daily production. These are Alphine, LaMancha, Nubian, Oberhasli, Saanen, and Toggenburg.
4. Sheep Milk
Sheep is the next most popular dairy animal. In 2019, the dairy products from the sheep around 10.5 million. Statistically, there are some regions/countries with the biggest production of sheep milk. These countries are Turkey with the production of milk reach 1.5 million tons, followed by China with 1.1 million Tons, Greece 944 thousand tons, Syrian Arab Republic 574 thousand tons, Spain 563 thousand tons, Italy 493 thousand tons, Romania 425 thousand tons, Algeria 421 thousand tons, Sudan 415 thousand tons, Somalia 395 thousand tons. Some popular species of dairy sheep are East Friesian, Lacunae, British Milk Sheep, Chios, Awassi, Assaf, Zwartbles.
5. Camel Milk
Camel is the last one with the production of milk reach 3.1 million tons all over the world. Statistically, there are some countries with the biggest production of camel milk. These countries are Kenya 1.1 million tons, Somalia 958 thousand tons, Mali 270 thousand tons, Ethiopia 178 thousand tons, Saudi Arabia 135 thousand tons, Niger 110 thousand tons, Sudan 62 thousand tons, the United Arab Emirates 54 thousand tons, Chad 31 thousand tons, and Mauritania 26 thousand tons. Camel is the source of milk in the arid region because some dairy cows cannot survive in the hot and arid region. Statistically, many African regions that have dry regions rely on camels as a source of milk. Some popular species of camel, namely dromedaries (Camelus dromedarius) and Bactrian camels (Camelus bactrianus) are some polar camels that can produce milk.
Bibliography of the 5 World’s Most Popular Milk
FAO. 2021. Gateway to dairy production and products. Accessed via http://www.fao.org/dairy-production-products/production/dairy-animals/buffaloes/en/ on October 2, 2021.
Robert. J.V.S., Lynn Kime and Jayso k.H.2008.Dairy Goat Production. Accessed via https://extension.psu.edu/dairy-goat-production on October 1, 2021.
Wikipedia. 2021.Sheep milk. Accessed via https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Sheep_milk on October 2, 2021.
Midwest Dairy. 2021.Dairy Cows. accessed via https://www.midwestdairy.com/sustainability/farm-life/dairy-cows/ on October 2, 2021.
FAO. 2021. Gateway to dairy production and products (Camels). Accessed via http://www.fao.org/dairy-production-products/production/dairy-animals/camels/en/ on October 2, 2021.