15 World’s Most Important Fish Species

15 World’s Most Important Fish Species

15 World’s Most Important Fish Species – According to The State of the World Series and Aquaculture, Report of FAO in 2022. There are 15 World’s Most Important Fish Species in 2020. These species of fish have become important species in the world due to the huge demand for human consumption.  

15 World’s Most Important Fish Species- King of Fish Spesies

The data of the 15 world’s most important species were obtained from the statistical report in FAO Database in 2020. Meanwhile, the rank of the fish is based on the production of fish in 2020.  The kind of fish is the aquaculture fish and captured fish. Aquaculture is the method to breed, raise, and harvest Human in a specific places in freshwater or marine. Meanwhile, captured fish is the fish that has been caught by humans from wildlife (sea, ocean, lake, and other parts).  Here is the rank of 15 World’s Most Important Fish that is based on the “The State of World Fisheries and Aquaculture 2022” of FAO.

The Rank of 15 World’s Most Important Fish

Rank Name of SpesiesScientific NameProduction in 2020
(thousand tonnes, live weight)
1Grass carpCtenopharyngodon idellus5,791.5
2Silver carpHypophthalmichthys molitrix4,896.6
3AnchovetaEngraulis ringens4,896
4Nile tilapiaOreochromis niloticus4,407.2
5Common carpCyprinus carpio4,237.3
6Alaska pollockGadus chalcogrammus3,544
7CatlaCatla catla3,540.3
8Bighead carpHypophthalmichthys nobilis3,187.2
9Skipjack tunaKatsuwonus pelamis2,827
10Crucian carpCarassius spp2,748.6
11Atlantic salmon Salmo salar2,719.6
12Striped catfishPangasianodon hypophthalmus2,520.4
13Roho labeoLabeo rohita2,484.8
14Atlantic herringClupea harengus1,598
15Yellowfin tunaThunnus albacares1,569
Source : The State of the World series and Aquaculture, FAO, 2022


Brief Description of 15 World’s Most Important Fish

1.Grass carp (Ctenopharyngodon idellus)           

15 World’s Most Important Fish Species- Grass Carp

Grass carp (Ctenopharyngodon idellus) is the most popular and important fish in the world and became one of the most consumed of Fish by The People. This species basically is freshwater fish that belongs to Cyprinidae family. This herbivorous fish is native Chinese freshwater fish and have biggest production in 2021 with 5.7 million tonnes across the nations.

2.Silver carp (Hypophthalmichthys molitrix)      

15 World’s Most Important Fish Species- Silver Carp

Silver carp (Hypophthalmichthys molitrix) is the second most consumed of fish in the world. Bacically, based on its production, this species has second biggest production of fish in the world of 2020. Taxonomically, this species belongs to Cyprinidae family. this species is native to China and eastern Siberia. Based on the FAO Report in 2022, the production of silver carp all over the world reached 4.8 million tonnes in 2020.

3.Anchoveta (Engraulis ringens)             

15 World’s Most Important Fish Species- Anchoveta

Anchoveta (Engraulis ringens) become the third most important fish based on its production in 2020. Statistically, the production of Anchoveta in 2020 reached 4.8 million tonnes. Taxonomically, this species belongs to Engraulidae family. As a marine species, the anchoveta still become the most caught fish in the world than the other marine species. Functionally, the usage of Anchoveta can be processed as fishmeal and direct human consumption, as fresh fish, as canned fish or as salted-matured fillets.

 4.Nile tilapia (Oreochromis niloticus)   

15 World’s Most Important Fish Species- Nile tilapia

Nile tilapia (Oreochromis niloticus) become the fourth biggest most important fish in the world.  Statistically, the production of Nile tilapia all over the world around 4.4 million tonnes. Historically, this aquatic species native to northern half of Africa and the Levante area. this usage of the nile tilapia is widely consumed by some of country’s cuisine. They prepared it in the different and unique style 

5.Common carp (Cyprinus carpio)          

15 World’s Most Important Fish Species- Common Carp

Eurasian or European carp/ common carp (Cyprinus carpio) is one of the most popular fish in the world. Statistically, this production species of this species in 2020 reached 4.2 million tonnes. Taxonomically, this species belongs to Cyprinidae. Basically, this species is native to Europe and Asia. Some of the country consume this fish due to the good taste

6.Alaska pollock (Gadus chalcogrammus)          

15 World’s Most Important Fish Species- Alaska Pollock

Alaska pollock / walleye pollock (Gadus chalcogrammus) is marine species that has been popular in some countries.  This fish species can be processed into different type of culinary products Fillets, Surimi, and Pollock roe. Statistically, in 2020, the production of Alaska Pollock all over the world is around 3.5 million tonnes. Taxonomically, this species belongs to Gadidae family and largest population can be found in the eastern Bering Sea.

7.Catla (Catla catla)      

15 World’s Most Important Fish Species- Catla

Catla (Labeo catla) is one the major South Asian fish carp. Historically, this species is native to northern India, Bangladesh, Myanmar, Nepal, and Pakistan. Statistically, the Catla’s production in 2020 reached 3.5 million tonnes. in the South Asia, this species is one of the most popular aquaculture species.

8.Bighead carp (Hypophthalmichthys nobilis)    

15 World’s Most Important Fish Species- Bighead Carp

The bighead carp (Hypophthalmichthys nobilis) is the next aquaculture species that belong to Cyprinidae species.  Historically, this species is native to the large rivers and associated floodplain lakes of eastern Asia. Statistically, according to FAO Report, the production of Bighead Carp in all over the world is around 3.1 million tonnes.

9.Skipjack tuna (Katsuwonus pelamis)  

15 World’s Most Important Fish Species- Skipjack Tuna

Skipjack tuna (Katsuwonus pelamis) is marine fish species that belongs to Scombridae family Some of countries used it for culinary. Some of them are katsuo (Japan), cakalang fufu (minahasa, Indonesia), and aku (hawaii). Statistically, the production of Skipjack Tuna in 2020 reached 2.8 million tonnes.

10.Crucian carp (Carassius spp)

15 World’s Most Important Fish Species- Crucian Carp

Crucian carp (Carassius carassius) is widely founded in European region. Basically, this species belongs to Cyprinidae family. Statistically, the production of the Crucian carp all over the world reached 2.7 million tonnes in 2020.

11.Atlantic salmon (Salmo salar)            

15 World’s Most Important Fish Species- Atlantic Salmon

Atlantic salmon (Salmo salar) is the one of the most popular taxonomically, this species belong to Salmonidae and commonly found in the northern Atlantic Ocean and in rivers that flow into this ocean. Statistically, the production of Atlantic Salmon all over the World reached 2.7 million tonnes.

12.Striped catfish (Pangasianodon hypophthalmus)      

15 World’s Most Consumed Fish Species- Striped Catfish

Striped catfish (Pangasianodon hypophthalmus) is one of the most popular aquaculture species. Basically, it was founded in Asia region around Mekong, Chao Phraya, and Maeklong basins. Historically, the production of the species reached 2.5 million tonnes.

13.Roho labeo (Labeo rohita)   

15 World’s Most Consumed Fish Species- Roheo Labeo

Roho labeo (Labeo rohita) is one of the most popular aquaculture species. Basically, this species was founded in Asia region including Pakistan, India, Bangladesh, Myanmar and Nepal.  Statistically, this species production in 2020 reached 2.4 million tonnes.

14.Atlantic herring (Clupea harengus)  

15 World’s Most Consumed Fish Species- Atlantic Herring

Atlantic herring (Clupea harengus) is one of the marine species that belongs to Clupeidae family. A large amount of population can be found in the Atlantic Ocean. Statistically, the production of Atlantic herring in 2020 reached 1.5 million tonnes.

15.Yellowfin tuna (Thunnus albacares)

15 World’s Most Important Fish Species- YellowfishTuna

yellowfin tuna (Thunnus albacares) is marine fish species that can be founded in the deep offshore waters. Taxonomically, this species belongs to Scombridae family.  Statitically, this production of this species reached 1.5 million tonnes in 2020.


Bibliography of 15 World’s Most Consumed Fish

FAO. 2022. The State of World Fisheries and Aquaculture 2022. Towards Blue Transformation. Rome, FAO. https://doi.org/10.4060/cc0461en .

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