10 World’s Most Popular Agricultural commodities from Spain

10 World’s Most Popular Agricultural commodities from Spain

10 World’s Most Popular Agricultural commodities from Spain- According to FAO Statistical Corporate Database (FAOSTAT), there are 10 World’s Most Popular Agricultural Product from Spain.  These agricultural products basically have huge production of Spain, and many Spanish people or farmers produced these products.

Spain is basically one of the European countries located in Southwestern of Europe. Relating to the economic conditions with total population around 48 million of people until 2022, Spanish economic is one of the biggest in the Europe Region. According to IMF Report, the Gross Domestic Product (GDP) of Spain in 2022 reached USD 1,418 billion and GDP per capita in the range of USD 33,090. More specifically, based on the economic sector, the service and industries sectors still become economic drivers in Spanish. According to Instituto Nacional de Estadística (INE), Service sector contributing around 74,6% of Spanish’s GDP meanwhile industry contributes around 22.5% of total GDP in Spain.

10 World’s Most Popular Agricultural commodities from Spain

Of all sectors, agriculture sector in Spain contributes just around 2.9% but this sector has strategic role in providing the nutrition, foods, feed, and indirectly influence the human development in Spain.  As one of the developed countries in the world, Spain has some popular agriculture products. This product basically was the most produced in Spain in the year of 2021. Here are the ranks of 10 World’s Most Popular Agricultural Commodities from Spain. All the data was obtained from FAO Statistical Corporate Database (FAOSTAT) in 2023.

The Rank of 10 World’s Most Popular Agricultural Commodities from Spain

RankAgricultural CommoditiesProduction in 2021
4Raw milk of cattle7,623,090
6Meat of pig with the bone, fresh or chilled5,180,060
8Maize (corn)4,597,660
10Sugar beet2,506,290
Source : FAO Statistical Corporate Database (FAOSTAT), 2023

Brief Description of 10 World’s Most Popular Agricultural Commodities from Spain

10 World’s Most Popular Agricultural commodities from Spain-2

1. Barley            

Barley still becomes the most cultivated and most popular crop in Spain, with an cultivated areas about three million hectares (Moreno, 2017). The majority usage of barley in Spain was for animal feed, approximately 92% of the Spanish total cultivated areas is devoted to animal feed. In Spanish language, the barley is called by “cebada”. Geographically, the barley cultivation in Spain can be found mostly in the several regions including Castilla y Leon, Andalusia, Aragon, Castilla-La Mancha. Furthermore, according to FAOSTAT in 2023, the production of Barley from Spain reached 9,275,920 tons.

2. Wheat           

Wheat Commodity still became the 2nd most produced in Spain. Statistically, the production of Whet from Spain in 2021 reached 8,564,630 tons according to FAOSTAT database. In Spain, geographically, the main cultivation areas can be found in North and South areas. The northern part includes the Castilla y León region, and the southern part includes parts of Castilla La Mancha, Extremadura and Andalucía (Royo & Briceño-Félix, 2011).

Commonly, the type of wheat crops can be distinguished into bread wheat and durum wheat. The bread wheat is grown mostly in the regions of Castilla y León (43% of total area) and Castilla La Mancha (16% of total area). Furthermore, the Durum Wheat in Spain is concentrated in Andalusia (57%), Zaragoza (28%), Badajoz (7%), and Toledo (5%). Genetically, bread wheat varieties which commonly cultivated are Soissons, Berdun, Marius, Craklin. In addition, the durum wheat varieties which commonly planted are Nuño, Yavaros, Gallareta, Vitron, Don Pedro, Sula, Claudio, Colosseo, Simeto.

3. Olives            

Olives also become one of the most cultivated and most popular plants in Spain. The production of olive from Spain according to FAO Statistical Corporate Database reached 8,256,550 tons.  Particularly, cultivation areas of olives was around 2 million hectares more or less.  Functionally, olives can be processed into several products, namely olives oil, soaps, shampoos, and other beauty products. Geographically, most of the olive plants in Spain are concentrated in Andalusia. Based on its genotypes, some of the olive cultivars which commonly planted in Splain were Picual, Comicabra, Hojiblanca, Lechin de Sevilla, Arbequina, Manzanilla de Sevilla, and others (Barranco & Rallo, 2000).

4. Raw milk of cattle     

Besides as a nutritious drink, milk in this country also be processed into cheese, yogurts, desserts and other industrial products. Geographically, the main production of cattle’s milk from Spain can located in Galicia, Castile & Leon, Catalonia, Andalusia, and Cantabria. According to FAO Statistical corporate Database, the total production areas of cattle’s milk from Spain reached 7,623,090 tons in 2021.

5. Grapes

The production of grapes from Spain reached 6,086,920 tons in 2021 according to FAO Statistical Corporate Database (FAOSTAT). The grapes can be processed into wine or consumed directly. In Spain, relating to wine industries, there are the standardized wine regions. It is called denominaciones de origen protegidas (DOP), amounting to 96 of DOP. Some of the cultivars of wine Grapes which commonly planted are Cabernet Sauvignon, merlot or Sauvignon Blanc.

6. Meat of pig

The meat of pig also become the other popular agricultural products from Spain. According to FAOSTAT, the production of meat of pig from Spain achieved 5,180,060 tons. Geographically, in Spain, the pig farming concentrated in Catalonia, Aragon, Castile and Leon, and Andalusia. Genetically, there is a pig in Spain. Iberian pig is autochthonous porcine from Iberian Peninsula which can be found in West Andalusia, Extremadura, and Salamanca.

7. Tomatoes      

Tomatoes is one of the most produced horticulture products in Spain. In the year of 2021, the production of tomatoes from Spain reached 4,754,380 tons according to FAO Statistical Corporate Database. Geographically, the tomatoes production areas in Spain are concentrated in the Southeast of the peninsula (Valencia, Alicante, Murcia and Almeria), the Ebro River Valley (Navarra, Rioja and Saragossa), Extremadura and the Canaries (Tello, 1998). Furthermore, in this country, culturally, there are La Tomatina festival. Specifically, La Tomatina is a throwing tomatoes festival which is held in the Valencian. Many people in this festival throw tomatoes at one another participants just for entertainment.

8. Maize (corn)

Spain could produce of maize around 4,597,660 tons in 2021. Geographically, the regions of maize can be found in this country. Andalusia, Aragon, Castila La mancha, and Galicia are some of the most cultivated areas of maize in Spain.  In Spain, the maize can be processed maize flour, diverse recipes of “talo” and “gofio” (Revilla et al., 2022).

9. Oranges        

Oranges in Spain also becomes the popular fruits. Statistically, the production of Oranges in Spain reached 3,604,800 tons. Genetically, the Spanish oranges can be differentiated into some types including the Spanish sweet orange contributing around 48% of all cultivated areas, mandarin oranges (37% of all cultivated areas) and lemon (14% of all cultivated areas). Geographically, there are also some main production areas of oranges. It is located in the Region of Valencia, Andalusia, Murcia (Alcon et al., 2019).

10. Sugar beet  

The production of Sugar beer in Spain reached 2,506,290 tons. Geographically, the production of Sugar beet in Spain located in Castilla-y-León region (Sánchez-Sastre, 2020). Furthermore, genetically, some of the sugar beet cultivars which planted in Spain are Estepa, Soraanda, Lugano, Pepite, Ave and Millenium. In this country, sugar beet is processed into sugar.

The Summary of 10 World’s Most Popular Agricultural commodities from Spain

The Summary of 10 World’s Most Popular Agricultural commodities from Spain

Bibliography of 10 World’s Most Popular Agricultural commodities from Spain

IMF. 2023.World Economic Outlook Database (Spain). Available at : https://www.imf.org/en/Publications/WEO/weo-database/2023/October/weo-report?c=184,&s=NGDP,NGDPD,PPPGDP,&sy=2021&ey=2028&ssm=0&scsm=1&scc=0&ssd=1&ssc=0&sic=0&sort=country&ds=.&br=1.

INE (Instituto Nacional de Estadística).2023 .Valor añadido bruto.Available at: https://www.ine.es/dyngs/INEbase/es/operacion.htm?c=Estadistica_C&cid=1254736177056&menu=ultiDatos&idp=1254735576581.

FAOSTAT. 2021. Top 10 Commodities Production in Spain 2021. Available at : https://www.fao.org/faostat/en/#rankings/commodities_by_country.

Martínez Moreno, F. B., Igartua Arregui, E., & Solís Martel, I. (2017). Barley Types and varieties in Spain: a historical overview. Ciencia e Investigación Agraria, 2017 (44 (1)), 12-23.

Royo, C., & Briceño-Félix, G. A. (2011). Spanish wheat pool. The World Wheat Book, 2, 121-154.

Barranco, D. and Rallo, L. 2000. Olive Cultivars in Spain. Hortechnology, Januari-March 2000. Available at: https://bancocrf.inia.es/api/media/publications/19437714__HortTechnology_Olive_Cultivars_in_Spain.pdf

Tello, J. (1998). Tomato production in Spain without methyl bromide. In Regional workshop on methyl bromide alternatives for North Africa and Southern European countries, UNEP, Ministerio del Ambiente de Italia y GTZ (pp. 161-172).

Revilla, P., Alves, M. L., Andelković, V., Balconi, C., Dinis, I., Mendes-Moreira, P., … & Malvar, R. A. (2022). Traditional foods from maize (Zea mays L.) in Europe. Frontiers in Nutrition, 8, 683399.

Alcon, F., Fernández-Zamudio, M. A., López-Becerra, E. I., & de-Miguel, M. D. (2019). Survival analysis of orange tree varieties in Spain. Spanish Journal of Agricultural Research, 17(1), e0103-e0103.

Sánchez-Sastre, L. F., Alte da Veiga, N. M., Ruiz-Potosme, N. M., Hernández-Navarro, S., Marcos-Robles, J. L., Martín-Gil, J., & Martín-Ramos, P. (2020). Sugar beet agronomic performance evolution in NW Spain in future scenarios of climate change. Agronomy, 10(1), 91.

Contact Us

error: Content is protected !!
Scroll to Top