10 World’s Biggest Tea-Producing Countries in 2019-Tea plants or known by the scientific name Camellia sinensis is one of the important commodities in the world which are included in the Magnoliopsida class and the Order Ericales. Historically, this plant probably came from the East Asia Region, which is around the Southwest region of China. Etymologically, the name Sinensis in Latin means China while Camellia is taken from the Latin name of the Reverend Georg Kamel, S.J (1661 – 1706), a Czech-born priest who became a botanist.
Until now, the development of tea shows that production tends to increase. Until 2019, total tea production worldwide reached 6.4 million tons with tea plantations worldwide reaching 5 million hectares. In terms of continents, the Asian and African continents still dominate the world’s tea production. In 2019, the Asian continent’s tea production reached 5.6 million tons or 87% of the world’s total tea production and the African continent contributed 750 thousand tons or 11.5% of the world’s total tea production.
Based on the processing treatment, many types of tea are produced. White tea, black tea, green tea, red tea, Pu-erh tea are some types of tea that are well-known products in several countries in the world. In addition to having a delicious and refreshing taste, tea also contains antioxidant compounds that are healthy for the body.
Statistically, the Food and Agriculture Organization (FAO) of the United Nations (UN), has ranked some of the countries with the world’s largest production. The tea leaves that have been harvested are of course not only used for domestic needs but also for export purposes because of the increasing demand. Here are some countries with the world’s largest tea leaf yields in 2019.
Table Rank of the 10 World’s Biggest Tea-Producing Countries in 2019
|Rank||Countries||Tea Production in 2019|
|Source : FAO Statistical Database (FAOStat),2019|
Brief Description of 10 World’s Biggest Tea-Producing Countries in 2019
China became the world’s biggest tea-producing country with production reaching 2.7 million tons in 2019. In this Panda Country, tea plantation area is about 3.1 million hectares. Tea planting areas in China spread over several regions. The provinces with the largest tea-growing areas in China are Guizhou, Yunan, Sichuan, Hubei, Fujian, Zhejiang, and Anhui. Guizhou with an area of 459.4 thousand hectares. Meanwhile Yunan with an area of 401.3 thousand hectares. Sichuan with an area of 321.1 thousand hectares. Hubei with an area of 310.7 thousand hectares. Fujian has an area of 246.7 thousand hectares and Zhejiang with an area of 196.7 thousand hectares. Anhui has an area of 170.0 thousand hectares.
Based on the type, green tea, Dark tea, and Oolong tea are some of the most popular. It is the most widely produced type of tea in this country. In this country, the tradition of drinking tea has been going on for a long time. The practice of drinking tea is thought to have started in the Tang dynasty (618-907 AD).
India is the 2nd largest tea-producing country in the world with production reaching 1.39 million tons in 2019. Geographically, tea cultivation in India is concentrated in several regions. Based on data from the Indian Tea Association, the main tea plantation areas in India are West Bengal and Assam. Tea plantations in West Bengal Province reach 115,000 hectares and in Assam Province reach 32,000 hectares. Genetically, the types of tea grown in India include Darjeeling, Assam, Nilgiri, Kangra, Munnar, Dooars-Terai, and Masala Tea. Of all tea production in India, about 70% is for domestic needs and the rest is for export.
Kenya is the 3rd biggest tea-producing country in the world with production reaching 458 thousand tons in 2019 with the tea plantation area in this country reaching 269 thousand hectares. Geographically, Kenyan tea is widely grown in several districts such as Kericho, Bomet, Nandi, Kiambu, Thika, Maragua, Muranga, Sotik, Kisii, Nyamira, Nyambene, Meru, Pain, Kerinyaga, Embu, Kakamega, Nakuru, and Trans-nzoia. The country of Kenya is known as the largest black tea producer in the world and became India’s competitor in terms of black tea production.
Sri Lanka is the 4th largest tea-producing country in the world with production reaching 300 thousand tons in 2019 with a planted area of 200 thousand hectares. Geographically, the central areas of tea cultivation in Sri Lanka spread over several regions, namely the provinces of Eliya, Dimbula, Uva, Uda Pusselawa, Kandy, Ruhuna, and Sabaragumawa.
Vietnam is the 5th biggest tea-producing country in the world with production reaching 269 thousand tons in 2019 with an area of 115,000 hectares. In this country, the type of green tea, Black tea Oolong tea is very popular with its citizens. Much of Vietnam’s tea cultivation take place in northern and northwestern regions such as the provinces of Thái Nguyên and Lâmng.
Turkey is the 6th biggest tea-producing country in the world with production reaching 261,000 tons in 2019 with a tea plantation area of 84 thousand hectares. In this country, many tea plants cultivation takes place in Rize Province. Turks like to drink tea so much of Turkey’s national tea production is for domestic needs and only a small part for export purposes.
Indonesia is the 7th biggest tea-producing country in the world with production reaching 137 thousand tons in 2019 with an area ranging from 108 thousand hectares. Geographically, the provinces that produce the most tea in Indonesia are West Java (contributing about 70% of the national tea production), Central Java, and North Sumatra.
Myanmar is the 8th biggest tea-producing country in the world with production reaching 132 thousand tons in 2019 with an area of 89 thousand hectares. Much of the tea produced in this country comes from the Shan State.
Iran is the 9th biggest tea-producing country in the world with production reaching 90.8 thousand tons in 2019 with an area of 16,000 hectares. In this country, Gilan province is the main center of tea cultivation in this country.
Bangladesh is the 10th biggest tea-producing country in the world with production reaching 90.6 thousand tons in 2019 with a tea plantation area of around 50 thousand hectares. One of the tea-growing areas in the country is in the Sylhet Region.
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Bibliography 10 Biggest Tea Producing-Countries in the World in 2019
FAO Statistical Database. 2019. Production of Tea: top 10 producers 2019. Accessed via http://www.fao.org/faostat/en/#data/QC/visualize on 16 May 2021.
India Tea Association. 2017. Tea Growing Regions Accessed via https://www.indiatea.org/tea_growing_regions on 17 May 2021
R.M. Gesimba, M.C. Langat, G. Liu and J.N. Wolukau, 2005. Tea Industry in Kenya; Tea Challenges and Positive Developments. Journal of Applied Sciences, 5: 334-336. DOI: 10.3923/jas.2005.334.336
Srilanka Export Development Board. Tea from Sri Lanka Accessed via https://www.srilankabusiness.com/pdf/tea-ebrochures-1.pdf on 17 May 2021
RateTea. 2017. Tea-Producing Regions. Accessed via https://ratetea.com/region/bangladesh/77/ on 17 May 2021.