10 World’s Biggest Sugar Beet Producers- Sugar beet (Beta vulgaris) is the second sugar-producing plant after sugar cane (Saccharum officinarum). Sugar beet is usually grown in sub-tropical areas with cold temperatures, but an invention of beet varieties can thrive in tropical areas. Taxonomically, this can be included in Kingdom: Plantae; Clade: Tracheophytes; Clade: Angiosperms; Order: Caryophyllales; Family: Amaranthaceous; Genus: Beta; Species: B. Vulgaris. Because it is included in the Amaranthaceae family, it has close relation with quinoa (Chenopodium quinoa Wild), Celosia cristata, and Amaranthus plants.
World’s Productions, Harvested Areas, and Yield of Sugar beet From 1980 to 2021
|Years||World’s Harvested Areas||World’s Production of Sugarbeet||Yield|
|Source : FAOSTAT, 2023|
Based on FAO Statistical Corporate Data on 2023, THe World production of Sugarbeet relatively stagnan. In 1980, the World’s production of Sugarbeet reached 267 million tonnes with harvested areas around 8 million hectares worldwide. Meanwhile, in 2021, the production of the sugar beet reached 270 million tonnes with harvested areas around 4.3 million hectares (Ha). Basically, the harvested areas has declined from 1980 to 2021. Meanwhile, based on the Productivity of the crops, the Yield has increased from 30 tonnes/hectare in 1980 and it had become 61 tonnes / hectares in 2021.
Based on the continental regions, there are some areas that became the main areas of sugar beet cultivation. Europe became the biggest area sugar beet production 194 million tons, Asia became the second biggest producers with forty-one million tons, Americas in the third biggest with twenty-eight million tons, and Africa with fourteen million tons.
The Production of Sugar beet Based on Continent in 2021
|Continent||Production of Sugar beet in 2021|
Meanwhile, in 2021, the main production of sugar beet did not significantly change. The production of the sugarbeet in 2021 still concentrated in the Europe regions. Europe produced 180 million tonnes in 2021. Furthermore, Asia, Americas, and Africa can contribute around 36 million tonnes, 35 million tonnes, and 17 million tonnes, respectively.
In the country aspects, there are 10 World’s Biggest Sugar Beet Producers. This data was obtained from FAO Statistical Corporate Database (FAOSTAT) in 2021. Here are 10 World’s Biggest Sugar Beet Producers in 2021.
Table Rank of 10 World’s Biggest Sugar Beet Producers in 2021
|Ranks||Country||Production of Sugarbeet in 2021|
|3||United States of America||33,339,950|
|10||United Kingdom of Great Britain and Northern Ireland||7,420,000|
|Source : FAOSTAT, 2023|
Brief Description of 10 World’s Biggest Sugar Beet Producers in 2021
Russia became the biggest producer of sugar beet in 2021. Statistically, the production of sugar beet reaches 41 million tons. In this country, large-scale companies have a strategic role in influencing sugar beet production. They can contribute 88 percent of national production. Geographically, there are some districts in Russia which become the main area of sugar beet production. The Central Federal District still become the major producer of sugar beets, followed by the Volga Valley Federal District and the Southern Federal District.
France became the second-biggest producer of sugar beet in 2021. Statistically, the production of sugar beet reaches 34 million tons. As one biggest country’s producers, France can export its beet to other countries. Statistically, France could export 2.5 million Metric tons of sugar per year
4.United States of America
United States of America (USA) became the third-biggest producer of sugar beet in 2021. Statistically, the production of sugar beet reaches 33 million tons. In these stars and stripes country, Sugar beets are cultivated in some areas including near the Oregon-Idaho state line; these are Wyoming, Colorado, and Montana; North Dakota; Northern Minnesota; Northeastern Michigan, Western Nebraska, and Southern California.
Germany became the fourth-biggest producer of sugar beet in 2021. Statistically, the production of sugar beet reaches 31 million tons. in this country, the farmers of sugar beet about thirty-one thousand people with an area of 360 thousand hectares. functionally, the harvested beet is used for sugar, bioethanol, biogas, and industrial purposes.
Turkey became the fifth biggest producer of sugar beet in 2021. Statistically, the production of sugar beet reaches eighteen million tons. Turkey planted sugar beet in some areas, but most of the production is in the Central Anatolia region, near the cities of Ankara, Konya, Eskisehir, Afyon, Tokat, and Yozgat. Statistically, there are about 110,000 farmers who cultivated sugar beets in Turkey.
Poland became the sixth biggest producer of sugar beet in 2021. Statistically, the production of sugar beet reaches 15 million tons. Geographically, in Poland, Wielkopolskie is the top region by sugar beet production in Poland. Besides Wielkopolskie, there are the top five regions that become the basis of the cultivation of sugar beet. these areas include Kujawsko-Pomorskie, Lubelskie, Dolnoslaskie, and Opolskie.
Egypt became the seventh-biggest producer of sugar beet in 2021 and the biggest from Asia country. Statistically, the production of sugar beet reaches 14.8 million tons. In this country, there is sugar beet factory processing i.e., Canal Sugar, owned by Dubai-based Al Khaleej Sugar Refinery
Ukraine became eighth-biggest producer of sugar beet in 2021 and the biggest from Europe country. Statistically, the production of sugar beet reaches 10.8 million tons. Geographically, in Ukraine, there are the top five regions with the biggest sugar beet production. these areas are Vinnytsya with forty-nine thousand hectares, Poltava with 25.5 thousand hectares, Khmelnytsky with 24.5 thousand hectares, Kyiv with 21.8 thousand hectares, and Ternopil with 19.8 thousand hectares.
China became the nineth-biggest producer of sugar beet in 2021 and the biggest from Asia country. Statistically, the production of sugar beet 7.8 million tons. Geographically, there are some provinces in China with the biggest production of sugar beet. these areas are Inner Mongolia with six million tons of harvested sugar beet in 2019, followed by Xinjiang with four million tons, and the other includes Hebei, Heilongjiang, Gansu, and Liaoning.
10.United Kingdom of Great Britain and Northern Ireland
The United Kingdom of Great Britain and Northern Ireland became the tenth biggest producer of sugar beet in 2021 and the biggest from Asia country. Statistically, the production of sugar beet reaches 7.4 million tons. in this country, there are some sugar beet factories. these are Allscout, bury, Cantley, Newark, Wishington, york, and Flanesford.
Bibliography of 10 World’s Biggest Sugar Beet Producers
FAOSTAT. 2021. Production quantities of Sugar beet by country 2021. Accessed via https://www.fao.org/faostat/en/#data/QCL/visualize on December 17th, 2022.
USDA. 2018. Sugar Annual Russian Federation. Accessed via https://apps.fas.usda.gov/newgainapi/api/report/downloadreportbyfilename?filename=Sugar%20Annual_Moscow_Russian%20Federation_4-19-2018.pdf on December 13th, 2021.
USDA. 2020. France’s Sugar Beet Crop Devastated by Disease – Sugar Industry’s Viability Threatened. Accessed via https://apps.fas.usda.gov/newgainapi/api/Report/DownloadReportByFileName?fileName=France%27s%20Sugar%20Beet%20Crop%20Devastated%20by%20Disease%20-%20Sugar%20Industry%27s%20Viability%20Threatened_Paris_France_08-11-2020 on December 14th, 2021.
Bleckwenn, H. Sugar beet growing in Germany. IIRB-Kongress. Accessed via https://www.iirb.org/fileadmin/IIRB/Congresses/74th_IIRB_Congress/oral_presentations/1_2_bleckwenn_en.pdf on December 18th, 2021.
USDA. 2015. USDA Coexistence Fact Sheets Sugar Beets. Accessed via https://www.usda.gov/sites/default/files/documents/coexistence-sugar-beets-factsheet.pdf on December 14th, 2021.
USDA. 2019. Turkey Sugar. Accessed via https://apps.fas.usda.gov/newgainapi/api/report/downloadreportbyfilename?filename=Sugar%20Annual_Ankara_Turkey_4-12-2019.pdf on December 18th, 2021.
Knoema. Sugar beet, Harvested production. Accessed via https://knoema.com/atlas/Poland/maps/Sugar-beet-production on December 18th, 2021.
Statista. 2021. Sugar beet production in China in 2019, by region. Accessed via https://www.statista.com/statistics/242812/sugar-beet-production-in-china-by-region/ on December 14th, 2021.
Latifundlist. 2021. Sugar beet cultivation 2021: key production regions in Ukraine. Accessed via https://latifundist-com.cdn.ampproject.org/c/s/latifundist.com/en/novosti/55054-nazvany-top-5-oblastej-po-posevnym-ploshchadyam-sahsvekly?amp=1 on December 18th, 2021.
FarmersWeekly. 2016. How Britain’s most-westerly sugar beet grower makes a profit. Accessed via https://www.fwi.co.uk/arable/sugar-beet/sugar-beet-area-rise-west on December 18th, 2021.