10 World’s Biggest Sorghum Producers

10 World’s Biggest Sorghum Producers

10 World’s Biggest Sorghum Producers– According to FAO Statistical Corporate Database in 2021, there are 10 World’s Biggest Sorghum Producers. This plant is usually planted in African Region and can be processed into miscellaneous products.

Sorghum (Sorghum bicolor) is native to East Africa in the Abessinia, Ethiopia, and surrounding areas which was originally “grown” in the dry climates of eastern Ethiopia African continent sea, about 7,000 years ago (Vavilov 1926). From time to time, this plant become cosmopolitan because it spread throughout the world. Basically, sorghum is an annual crop that is drought tolerant and does not require a lot of water during its growth.

10 World’s Biggest Sorghum Producers0 Nutrition Content in Grain Sorghum

Taxonomically, based on Soreng et al., 2017 in his journal entitled “A worldwide phylogenetic classification of the Poaceae (Gramineae) II: An update and a comparison of two 2015 classifications”, these plants is included Kingdom: Plantae; Clade: Angiosperms; Clade: Monocots; Order: Poales; Family: Poaceae; Subfamily: Panicoideae; Supertribe: Andropogonodae; Tribe: Andropogoneae; Subtribe: Saccharinae;  Genus: Sorghum Moench 1794. 

The World’s Production, Harvested Areas, and Yield of Sorghum From 1980 to 2021

YearsWorld’s Harvested AreasWorld’s ProductionYield
(Hectares)(Tonnes)(Tonnes / Hectare)
Source: FAOSTAT, 2023

Commonly, based on the worldwide database from FAO Statistical Corporate Database (FAOSTAT), the production of Sorghum relatively stable from time to time. In 1980, the production of sorghum reached 57 million tonnes with
harvested areas around 44 million hectares (Ha). Meanwhile in 2021, the production of Sorgum reached 61 million tonnes with harvested areas around 40 million hectares (ha). Furthermore, the yield of sorghum is aroun 1.1- 1.5 tonnes per hectare.

Statistically, in 2020, the total production of the world’s Sorghum reaches 57 million tons with a harvested area reaching 40 million hectares. In the Continental area, sorghum is still mainly planted in Africa. In this continent, total production of sorghum reaches 28 million tons followed by Americas with 18 million tons, Asia with 7.8 million tons, Europe with 1.3 million tons, and Oceania with 1.1 million tons.

10 World’s Biggest Sorghum Producers- Production in Continent

Meanwhile, based on continent in 2021, the production of sorfghum was concentrated in Africa and Americas region with production around 26 million tonnes and 23 million tonnes, respectively. In addition, Asia, Europe, and Oceania is the next position with production around 8.6 million tonnes, 1.6 million tonnes, and 1.1 million tonnes, respectively.

The Production of Sorghum Based on Continent in 2021

ContinentProduction of Sorghum in 2021
Source :FAOSTAT, 2023

Based on the country level, there are 10 world’s biggest Sorghum Producers. Here is the rank of biggest country producers of Sorghum in 2021. This data was obtained from FAO Corporate Statistical Database (FAOSTAT) in 2021

The Rank of 10 World’s Biggest Sorghum Producers

RanksCountryProduction of Sorghum in 2021
1United States of America11,374,900
8China, mainland3,000,000
Source : FAOSTAT, 2023

Brief Description of 10 World’s Biggest Sorghum Producers

10 World’s Biggest Sorghum Producers- Brief Description

1. United States of America       

The United States of America (USA) still become the biggest producer of sorghum in 2021. In that year, the production of Sorghum reaches 11.3 million tons. In these stars and stripes countries, there are some states with centers of sorghum productions. These are Kansas with a cultivation area reach 3 million acres, followed by Texas with a cultivation area reach 1.8 million acres, Colorado with a cultivation area reach 370,000 acres, Oklahoma with 305,000 acres, and South Dakota with 210,000 acres.

2. Nigeria

Nigeria is the 2nd biggest sorghum producer in 2021. Based on the FAO Statistical Database, the production of Nigeria’s Sorghum reaches 6.7 million tons. Geographically, Nigeria’s sorghum comes from Bauchi, Borno, Zamfara Yobe, Gombe, Adamawa, Kaduna, Jigawa, Niger, Kebbi, Taraba, Plateau, Sokoto, Katsina, and Nasarawa. Statistically, the total of the Sorghum area is about 5.6 million hectares. In this country, sorghum has miscellaneous usages especially for the production of Malt, Beer, Beer powder, Sorghum meal, Sorghum rice, and Livestock feed.

3. India

India is the 3th biggest producer of Sorghum in the world. Overall, the production of Sorghum in 2021 reached 4.8 million tons according to FAO Statistical Database. Geographically, there are some states in India that have the biggest production to the national Sorghum of India. These states are Maharashtra 1,8 million ton or contribute 37.88 % of national production, followed by Karnataka with production reach 986 thousand tons or contribute around 20.68% of national production, Tamil Nadu with the production of 520 thousand ton or contribute 10% of national production, and Rajasthan 455 thousand ton or contribute 9.5% to national production.

4. Ethiopia

Ethiopia became the 4th of biggest sorghum producers. Based on FAO Statistical Database in 2021, the Sorghum production from Ethiopia reach 4.4 million tons. Geographically, sorghum is cultivated in some main states, namely Oromiya, Amhara, and Tigray. Overall, these states account for nearly 90% of total national production. Structurally, over 95% of sorghum in Ethiopia is cultivated by small farmers. In this country, sorghum is consumed in form of a traditional food called Enjera, Nifro (boiled grain), Genfo (porridge), and soups and local drinks such as Tella, Areke, and Borde/Cheka.

5. Mexico           

Mexico is the 5th biggest country of Sorghum Producers. Based on the FAO Statistical Database in 2021, the production of Sorghum in Mexico reaches 4.3 million tons. Geographically, Sorghum cultivation are spread in some states in Mexico. Statistically, the main state of sorghum is in Tamaulipas, Sinaloa and Guanajuato.

6. Sudan

Sudan is the 6th biggest Country in Sorghum Production. Statistically, Sudan’s Sorghum reaches 3.5 million tons according to FAO Statistical Corporate Database. Geographically, in Sudan, there are some states of sorghum production. Gadarif State (eastern Sudan) is the most important region for sorghum production that around 5-6 million feddans (1 Feddan = 0.420 Hectares) are cultivated on Sorghum.

7. Argentina

Argentina is the 7th biggest producer of Sorghum in 2021. According to FAO Statistical Corporate Database (FAOSTAT), the production of Sorghum from Argentina reached 3,319,341 tonnes. Geograhically, in Argentina, the cultivation of Sorghum can be found in Buenos Aires, Entre Rios, Santa Fe, Cordoba, and Santiago del Estero.

8. China, mainland        

China is the 8th biggest country in Sorghum Production. Statistically, the production of Sorghum in Mao Zedong’s Country reach 3 million tons. Jilin, Inner Mongolia, Heilongjiang, Liaoning, Sichuan, and Guizhou are some states that base production of Sorghum in China. Statistically, Jilin contributes around 33% of Sorghum production, followed by Inner Mongolia with 16%, Heilongjiang with 10%, Liaoning with 9%, and Sichuan and Guizhou contribute with 7%, respectively.

9. Brazil

Brazil is the 9th biggest producer of Sorghum. According to the FAO Statistical database, the production of Sorghum in 2019 reached 2.6 million tons. Geographically, there are some states in Brazil that become a primary area of Sorghum cultivation. These states are Sao Paulo with an area of 56,540 hectares, the Rio Grande do Sul with an area of 91,000 hectares, Mato Grosso with an area of 4,583 hectares, and Goiás with an area of 15,000 hectares.

10. Australia

Australia is the 10th biggest producers of Sorghum in 2021. According to FAO Statistical Corporate Database (FAOSTAT), the production of Sorghum Australia reached 1,638,962 tonnes. Geographically, in Australia, the main region of Sorghum can be found mostly in Queensland .

Bibliography 10 World’s Biggest Sorghum Producers

FAO. 2021. Production of Sorghum: top 10 producers 2019. Accessed via https://www.fao.org/faostat/en/#data/QCL/visualize  on November 29th, 2021.

Vavilov, N.I. 1926. Studies on the origin of cultivated plants. Bull. Appl. Bot. 16(2):248.

Soreng, Robert J.; Peterson, Paul M.; Romaschenko, Konstantin; Davidse, Gerrit; Teisher, Jordan K.; Clark, Lynn G.; Barberá, Patricia; Gillespie, Lynn J.; Zuloaga, Fernando O. 2017. “A worldwide phylogenetic classification of the Poaceae (Gramineae) II: An update and a comparison of two 2015 classifications”. Journal of Systematics and Evolution. 55 (4): 259–290. doi:10.1111/jse.12262. ISSN 1674-4918.

National Sorghum Producers. 2021. Sorghum 101. Accessed via https://sorghumgrowers.com/sorghum-101/  on November 29th, 2021.

Finelib. 2017. Sorghum Cultivation and Its Producing States In Nigeria. Accessed via https://www.finelib.com/about/nigeria-cash-crops/sorghum-cultivation-and-its-producing-states-in-nigeria/161#:~:text=Nigeria%20accounts%20for%20about%2065,Sokoto%2C%20Katsina%2C%20and%20Nasarawa  on November 29th, 2021.

FAO. 2014. Value Chain Study on Sorghum in Ethiopia. Accessed via https://www.researchgate.net/publication/305691949_Value_Chain_Study_on_Sorghum_in_Ethiopia_FAOWHO_MYCOTOXINS_IN_SORGHUM_PROJECT on November 29th, 2021.

DialogoChino. 2019. Mexico exports sorghum to China amid a national crisis. Accessed via  https://dialogochino.net/en/agriculture/27819-mexico-exports-sorghum-to-china-amid-national-crisis/  on November 29th, 2021.

USDA. China : Sorghum Production. Accessed via https://ipad.fas.usda.gov/rssiws/al/crop_production_maps/China/China_Sorghum.jpg  on November 29th, 2021.

Apeda. 2021. Indian Production of Jowar. Accessed via  http://apeda.in/agriexchange/India%20Production/India_Productions.aspx?cat=Agri&hscode=1004   on November 29th, 2021.

Knoema. Sorghum production. Accessed via https://knoema.com/atlas/Niger/ranks/Sorghum-production  on November 29th, 2021.

Knoema. Evolution of sorghum production.  Accessed via https://knoema.com/atlas/Burkina-Faso/ranks/Sorghum-Production  on November 29th, 2021

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