10 World’s Biggest Sorghum Producers– According to FAO Statistical Corporate Database in 2019, there are 10 World’s Biggest Sorghum Producers. This plant is usually planted in African Region and can be processed into miscellaneous products.
Sorghum (Sorghum bicolor) is native to East Africa in the Abessinia, Ethiopia, and surrounding areas which was originally “grown” in the dry climates of eastern Ethiopia African continent sea, about 7,000 years ago (Vavilov 1926). From time to time, this plant become cosmopolitan because it spread throughout the world. Basically, sorghum is an annual crop that is drought tolerant and does not require a lot of water during its growth.
Taxonomically, based on Soreng et al., 2017 in his journal entitled “A worldwide phylogenetic classification of the Poaceae (Gramineae) II: An update and a comparison of two 2015 classifications”, these plants is included Kingdom: Plantae; Clade: Angiosperms; Clade: Monocots; Order: Poales; Family: Poaceae; Subfamily: Panicoideae; Supertribe: Andropogonodae; Tribe: Andropogoneae; Subtribe: Saccharinae; Genus: Sorghum Moench 1794.
Statistically, in 2020, the total production of the world’s Sorghum reaches 57 million tons with a harvested area reaching 40 million hectares. In the Continental area, sorghum is still mainly planted in Africa. In this continent, total production of sorghum reaches 28 million tons followed by Americas with 18 million tons, Asia with 7.8 million tons, Europe with 1.3 million tons, and Oceania with 1.1 million tons.
Based on the country level, there are 10 world’s biggest Sorghum Producers. Here is the rank of biggest country producers of Sorghum in 2019. This data was obtained from FAO Corporate Statistical Database (FAOSTAT) in 2019.
The Rank of 10 World’s Biggest Sorghum Producers
|Rank||Countries||Production of Sorghum in 2019|
|1||United States of America||8,673,480|
|Source : FAOSTAT, 2021|
Brief Description of 10 World’s Biggest Sorghum Producers
1. United States of America
The United States of America (USA) still become the biggest producer of sorghum in 2019. In that year, the production of Sorghum reaches 8.6 million tons. In these stars and stripes countries, there are some states with centers of sorghum productions. These are Kansas with a cultivation area reach 3 million acres, followed by Texas with a cultivation area reach 1.8 million acres, Colorado with a cultivation area reach 370,000 acres, Oklahoma with 305,000 acres, and South Dakota with 210,000 acres.
Nigeria is the 2nd biggest sorghum producer in 2019. Based on the FAO Statistical Database, the production of Nigeria’s Sorghum reaches 6.6 million tons. Geographically, Nigeria’s sorghum comes from Bauchi, Borno, Zamfara Yobe, Gombe, Adamawa, Kaduna, Jigawa, Niger, Kebbi, Taraba, Plateau, Sokoto, Katsina, and Nasarawa. Statistically, the total of the Sorghum area is about 5.6 million hectares. In this country, sorghum has miscellaneous usages especially for the production of Malt, Beer, Beer powder, Sorghum meal, Sorghum rice, and Livestock feed.
Ethiopia became the 3rd of biggest sorghum producers. Based on FAO Statistical Database in 2019, the Sorghum production from Ethiopia reach 5.2 million tons. Geographically, sorghum is cultivated in some main states, namely Oromiya, Amhara, and Tigray. Overall, these states account for nearly 90% of total national production. Structurally, over 95% of sorghum in Ethiopia is cultivated by small farmers. In this country, sorghum is consumed in form of a traditional food called Enjera, Nifro (boiled grain), Genfo (porridge), and soups and local drinks such as Tella, Areke, and Borde/Cheka.
Mexico is the 4th biggest country of Sorghum Producers. Based on the FAO Statistical Database in 2019, the production of Sorghum in Mexico reaches 4.3 million tons. Geographically, Sorghum cultivation are spread in some states in Mexico. Statistically, the main state of sorghum is in Tamaulipas, Sinaloa and Guanajuato.
Sudan is the 5th biggest Country in Sorghum Production. Statistically, Sudan’s Sorghum reaches 3.7 million tons according to FAO Statistical Corporate Database. Geographically, in Sudan, there are some states of sorghum production. Gadarif State (eastern Sudan) is the most important region for sorghum production that around 5-6 million feddans (1 Feddan = 0.420 Hectares) are cultivated on Sorghum.
6. China, mainland
China is the 6th biggest country in Sorghum Production. Statistically, the production of Sorghum in Mao Zedong’s Country reach 3.6 million tons. Jilin, Inner Mongolia, Heilongjiang, Liaoning, Sichuan, and Guizhou are some states that base production of Sorghum in China. Statistically, Jilin contributes around 33% of Sorghum production, followed by Inner Mongolia with 16%, Heilongjiang with 10%, Liaoning with 9%, and Sichuan and Guizhou contribute with 7%, respectively.
India is the 7th biggest producer of Sorghum in the world. Overall, the production of Sorghum in 2019 reached 3.4 million tons according to FAO Statistical Database. Geographically, there are some states in India that have the biggest production to the national Sorghum of India. These states are Maharashtra 1,8 million ton or contribute 37.88 % of national production, followed by Karnataka with production reach 986 thousand tons or contribute around 20.68% of national production, Tamil Nadu with the production of 520 thousand ton or contribute 10% of national production, and Rajasthan 455 thousand ton or contribute 9.5% to national production.
Brazil is the 8th biggest producer of Sorghum. According to the FAO Statistical database, the production of Sorghum in 2019 reached 2.6 million tons. Geographically, there are some states in Brazil that become a primary area of Sorghum cultivation. These states are Sao Paulo with an area of 56,540 hectares, the Rio Grande do Sul with an area of 91,000 hectares, Mato Grosso with an area of 4,583 hectares, and Goiás with an area of 15,000 hectares.
Niger is the 9th biggest producer of Sorghum. In the year of 2019, the production of Sorghum in that country reach 1.89 million tons. Geographically, there are some in Niger with biggest production to national Sorghum. Zinder is the top region by sorghum production in Niger. As of 2016, sorghum production in Zinder is around 640,196 tonnes that accounts for 35.40% of Niger’s sorghum production. The other states of Niger with Sorghum cultivation besides Zinder are Maradi, Tahoua, Tillabéri, and Dosso. Accumulatively, the total of these states contributes more than 90% of national sorghum production in Niger.
10. Burkina Faso
Burkina Faso is the 10th biggest producer of Sorghum in the world. Statistically, the production of Sorghum in that country reach 1.87 million tons in 2019 according to FAO Statistical Corporate Database (FAOSTAT). In Burkina Faso, geographically, there are some states that have the biggest contribution to national sorghum production in Burkina Faso. Boucle du Mouhoun is the top region by sorghum production in Burkina Faso. As of 2018, sorghum production in Boucle du Mouhoun was 239,210 tonnes that accounts for 17.51% of Burkina Faso’s sorghum production. The other 5 biggest regions beside Boucle du Mouhoun are Est, Centre-Ouest, Nord, and Centre-Est.
Bibliography 10 World’s Biggest Sorghum Producers
FAO. 2021. Production of Sorghum: top 10 producers 2019. Accessed via https://www.fao.org/faostat/en/#data/QCL/visualize on November 29th, 2021.
Vavilov, N.I. 1926. Studies on the origin of cultivated plants. Bull. Appl. Bot. 16(2):248.
Soreng, Robert J.; Peterson, Paul M.; Romaschenko, Konstantin; Davidse, Gerrit; Teisher, Jordan K.; Clark, Lynn G.; Barberá, Patricia; Gillespie, Lynn J.; Zuloaga, Fernando O. 2017. “A worldwide phylogenetic classification of the Poaceae (Gramineae) II: An update and a comparison of two 2015 classifications”. Journal of Systematics and Evolution. 55 (4): 259–290. doi:10.1111/jse.12262. ISSN 1674-4918.
National Sorghum Producers. 2021. Sorghum 101. Accessed via https://sorghumgrowers.com/sorghum-101/ on November 29th, 2021.
Finelib. 2017. Sorghum Cultivation and Its Producing States In Nigeria. Accessed via https://www.finelib.com/about/nigeria-cash-crops/sorghum-cultivation-and-its-producing-states-in-nigeria/161#:~:text=Nigeria%20accounts%20for%20about%2065,Sokoto%2C%20Katsina%2C%20and%20Nasarawa on November 29th, 2021.
FAO. 2014. Value Chain Study on Sorghum in Ethiopia. Accessed via https://www.researchgate.net/publication/305691949_Value_Chain_Study_on_Sorghum_in_Ethiopia_FAOWHO_MYCOTOXINS_IN_SORGHUM_PROJECT on November 29th, 2021.
DialogoChino. 2019. Mexico exports sorghum to China amid a national crisis. Accessed via https://dialogochino.net/en/agriculture/27819-mexico-exports-sorghum-to-china-amid-national-crisis/ on November 29th, 2021.
USDA. China : Sorghum Production. Accessed via https://ipad.fas.usda.gov/rssiws/al/crop_production_maps/China/China_Sorghum.jpg on November 29th, 2021.
Apeda. 2021. Indian Production of Jowar. Accessed via http://apeda.in/agriexchange/India%20Production/India_Productions.aspx?cat=Agri&hscode=1004 on November 29th, 2021.
Knoema. Sorghum production. Accessed via https://knoema.com/atlas/Niger/ranks/Sorghum-production on November 29th, 2021.
Knoema. Evolution of sorghum production. Accessed via https://knoema.com/atlas/Burkina-Faso/ranks/Sorghum-Production on November 29th, 2021