10 World’s Biggest Producers of Bamboo- According to FAO Report Entitled by “World Bamboo Resources” in 2007, there are 10 World’s Biggest Producers of Bamboo in 2005. Basically, this report showed the countries that have huge resources of bamboo land. Functionally, in our daily life, Bamboo basically can be multifunctional source of materials. It can be used as charcoal, housing, flooring, weaving products and crafts, and furniture. Furthermore, some of the bamboo species can be consumed by Human. It can be processed into delicious foods. Some of the bamboo shoot can be consumed and cooked. The species of bamboo that can be consumed safely of its shoots are Acidosasa edulis, Chimonobambusa quadrangularis, Phyllostachys heterocycle var. pubescens, P. praecox, P. dulcis, P. iridescens, P. makinoi, P. nuda, and other species.
Taxonomically, based on the Integrated Taxonomic Information System (ITIS), Bamboo can be classified into Subdivision: spermatophytes; Class: Magnoliopsida; Superorder: Lilianae; Order: Poales; Family: Poaceae. Due to its classification into Poacea family, Bamboo has close relationship with Barley (Hordeum vulgare), Maize (Zea Mays), Oats (Avena sativa), Rice (Oriza sativa), Rye (Secale cereale), Sorghum, Sugarcane (Saccharum officinarum), and Wheat (Triticum Sp).
The Land of Bamboo Based on Continent in 2005
|Continent||Area of Bamboo in 2005|
|Source : FAO, 2007|
Statistically, according to the report of FAO, the main growing areas of Bamboo has spread across the continent. Specifically, in 2007, the main areas of Bammboo are located in Asia with land of Bamboo around 23 million hectares (Ha) followed by Latin America with 10 million hectares of Bamboo’s land. Meanwhile, Africa has land of bamboo around 2.7 million hectares.
Based on the country’s statistics, there are 10 World’s Biggest Producers of Bamboo. All of the data was obtained from “World Bamboo Resources” Report published by Food and Agriculture Organization (FAO) in 2007. Here are the rank 10 World’s Biggest Producers of Bamboo. These countries have huge areas of Bamboo land.
10 World’s Biggest Producers of Bamboo
|Rank||Countries||Area of Bamboo in 2005|
|5||Lao People’s Democratic Republic||1,612|
|Source : FAO, 2007|
Brief Description of 10 World’s Biggest Producers of Bamboo
India is the biggest producer of Bamboo in 2005. Statistically, the land of Bamboo in India reached 11.3 million hectares (ha). Geograhically, in India, there are some states/ regions that has huge areas of Bamboo. Some of the areas are Northeast, Madya Pradesh, Maharashtra, Orissa, and Andhra Pradesh. Functionally, some of usage of Bamboo in India usually beneficial for Paper, Handicrafts, and Scaffolding.
Brazil is the 2nd biggest producer of bamboo in 2005. Statistically, the land of Bamboo in Brazil reached 9.3 million hectares (ha). Geograhically, bamboo in Brazil can be found mostly in Pernambuco, Paraíba, Piauí and Maranhão
China is the 3rd biggest producer of Bamboo in 2005. Statistically, the land of Bamboo in China reached 5.4 million hectares (ha). Geograhically, in China, Bamboo is mainly found in Anhui, Fujian, Guangdong, Hubei, Hunan, Jiangxi and Zhejiang provinces in the East and Chongqing, Guangxi, Guizhou, Sichuan and Yunnan provinces in the West(Engler et al., 2011). Specifically, more than half of the total Chinese bamboo forest area is distributed in Fujian, Jiangxi and Zhejiang provinces (Song et al., 2011).
Indonesia also has huge land of bamboo in 2005. Based on the Data of FAO, the land of Bamboo in Indonesia reached 2 million hectares (ha). In Indonesia, Java Island still become the main production areas of Bamboo. Based on in 2020, Java Island produce 11 million tons of stem of bamboo. Bali and Nusa Tenggal are the next positionwith production of bamboo around 14 thousand stemm of bamboo. Kalimantan (Borneo) can produce around 875 stem of bamboo.
5.Lao People’s Democratic Republic
In 2005, According to FAO Report, Lao People’s Democratic Republic has land of Bamboo around 1.6 million hectares (ha). Gegraphically, in Laos, Bamboo is abundant in Northern Laos (Danneman et al., 2007). Based on Worldwide Fund (WWF) article, Bamboo is one of the most indispensable natural resources in Lao PDR. Local governments and organizations consider bamboo as “green gold” to alleviate poverty, and promote production, processing, and trading of bamboo to the smallholders.
Nigeria is the 6th biggest country with land of bamboo. Statistically, the land of bamboo in Nigeria reached 1.5 million hectares (ha). In Nigeria, Bamboo distributes in several states, namely Adamawa, Gombe, Bauchi, Borno, Kano, Katsina, Kaduna, Kebbi, Sokoto, Jigawa, Yobe, and Zamfara states (Okukpujie et al., 2020).
Chile also has huge areas of Bamboo in 2005. According to FAO, the land of Bamboo in Chile reached 900 thousand hectares (ha). Geographically, some of bamboo cultivation areas in Chile located in Cautin, Chiloe, Concepcion, Llanquihue, Malleco, Nuble, Osorno, Santiago, Valdivia and Valparaiso
Statistically, Myanmar has land of bamboo around 859 thousand hectares (ha). Geographically, some of bamboo cultivation areas in Myanmar Bago Yoma, Rakhine Yoma and Tanintharyi region.
Based on the FAO Report in 2005, Ethiopia is African nation that has huge areas of bamboo with 849 thousand hectares (ha). Genetically, Ethiopia has two bamboo species namely, Yushania alpine (highland bamboo) and Oxytenantheria abyssinica (lowland bamboo) (Kassahun et al., 2014).
Statistically, in 2005, Vietnam has land of bamboo around 813 thousand hectares (ha). In Vietnam, the main growing area of Bamboo in Vietnam located in North Central Vietnam, North West Vietnam, South Central Coast, and the Mekong Delta.
Bibliography of 10 World’s Biggest Producers of Bamboo
Integrated Taxonomic Information System (ITIS).2023. Bambusa beecheyana Munro. Accessed via https://www.itis.gov/servlet/SingleRpt/SingleRpt?search_topic=TSN&search_value=506674#null on May 18th, 2023.
Lobovikov, M.S.Paudel., M.Piazza.,H.Ren.,J.Wu. World Bamboo Resources (A Thematic Study Prepared in the Framework of the Global Forest Resources Assesment 2005. 2007. Food and Agriculture Organization (FAO), Rome.
HIDALGO LOPEZ, O. Bamboo the gift of the gods. Oscar Hidalgo Lopez editor, Bogotá. 2003, 553 p.
Engler, B., Schonherr, S., Zhong, Z., and Becker, G. 2012. Suitability of Bamboo as an Energy Resource: Analysis of Bamboo Combustion Values Dependent on the Culm’s Age. International Journal of Forest Engineering 23(2): 114-121.
Song, X., Zhou, G., Jiang, H., Yu, S., Fu, J., Li, W., Wang, W., Ma, Z., and Peng, C. 2011. Carbon sequestration by Chinese bamboo forests and their ecological benefits: assessment of potential, problems, and future challenges. NRC Research Press. 19: 418-428.
BPS-Statistics Indonesia. 2021. Statistics Of Forestry Production 2020. Accessed via https://www.bps.go.id/publication/2021/07/30/d45441e7214b3c12c9653c45/statistik-produksi-kehutanan-2020.html on May 18th, 2023.
Dannenmann, B. M., Choocharoen, C., Spreer, W., Nagle, M., Leis, H., Neef, A., & Mueller, J. (2007, October). The potential of bamboo as a source of renewable energy in northern Laos. In Conference on International Agricultural Research for Development, University of Kassel-Witzenhausen and University of Gottingen.
World Wide Fund for Nature (WWF). Bamboo Can Become the Green Gold of Small Holders to Decrease Poverty. 2016. Available online: https://www.wwf.org.la/?271273/Launching-of-a-Lao-Bamboo-Platform-and-National-strategy (accessed on 23 November 2022).
Kassahun, T., 2014. Review of bamboo value chain in Ethiopia. International Journal of African Society Culture and Traditions, 2(3), pp.52-67.