10 World’s Biggest Goat Milk Producing Countries– Based on data from the FAO Statistical Database (FAOSTAT), there are 10 World’s Biggest Goat Milk Producing Countries in 2021. They are goat milk-producing countries with high production volumes. This high production is of course used to meet domestic needs and some of its production is also used to fulfill foreign demands.
Functionally, milk is a source of animal protein that contains all the compounds needed by the human body. Therefore, milk is considered a highly nutritious and complete food ingredient. Physically, milk is a type of animal food in the form of a white liquid that is usually produced by mammals such as cows, buffaloes, or goats and is obtained by milking from healthy and clean udders/nipples.
So far, cow’s milk is the type of milk most consumed by humans in the world. But apart from cows, there are other types of milk that can be used by humans, namely goat’s milk. Fresh goat milk is milk obtained from the mother goat not less than 3 days after giving birth. Nutritionally, goat’s milk is no less healthy. Here are some important nutrients in goat’s milk according to hewittsdairy.com. Goat milk offers nutritional benefits like cow milk but contains more natural vitamins A and B (Vitamin B3 or Niacin is nearly double that of cow milk). Based on the research (Stergiadis et al., 2019), Goat milk has higher concentrations of cis polyunsaturated fatty acids (PUFA), eicosapentaenoic acid (EPA), docosahexaenoic acid (DHA), isoflavones, B, Cu, Mg, Mn, P, and I than Cow Milk.
The World’s Production of Goat Milk From 1970 to 2021
|Years||World’s Production of Goat Milk|
|Source : FAOSTAT, 20223|
In this World, goat milk is still one of the most consumed milks and the consumption of it still gets higher and higher. According to FAO Statistical Corporate Database (FAOSTAT), the production of Goat milk is increasing trends. It can be seen in statistical production in the last 50 years. In the year 1970, the world’s production of goat meat was just 6,482,111 tons. Meanwhile in 2021, the world’s production of goat meat reached 20,725,281 tons.
In the continental area, the main production of goat milk spread into several regions. Specifically, the main production regions are still located in Asia with output around 12 million tons in 2022. Africa is in second place with production around 4.4 million tons and Europe in third with 3.1 million tons.
The World’s Production of Goat Milk Based on Continent in 2021
|Continent||Production of Goat Milk in 2021|
|Source : FAOSTAT, 2023|
Based on country, There are the 10 World’s biggest goat milk-producing countries in 2021. This data was obtained from the FAO Statistical Database (FAO Stats) of the United Nations (UN) in 2023.
The Rank of 10 World’s Biggest Goat Milk Producing Countries in 2021
|Rank||Countries||Production of Goat Milk in 2021|
|9||Netherlands (Kingdom of the)||387,840|
|Source : FAO Statistical Database, 2023|
Brief Description of the 10 World’s Biggest Goat Milk Producing Countries in 2021
India was the World’s Biggest Goat Milk Producing country in 2021. Based on data from FAO, the production of goat milk from Mahatma Gandhi reached 6 million tons. In India alone, there are 5 largest states of goat milk. The states include Rajasthan, Uttar Pradesh, Madhya Pradesh, Gujarat, and Maharashtra. In more detail, Rajasthan produces goat milk reaching 1.8 million tons, followed by Uttar Pradesh with 1.2 million tons, Madhya Pradesh with 556 thousand tons, Gujarat with 267 thousand tons. and Maharashtra with 247 thousand tons. In India, the types of goats used for milk production are Jamunapari, Beetal, Jakhrana, and Surti goats.
Bangladesh is the 2nd World’s biggest goat’s milk Producing Country in 2021. Based on data from FAO, Bangladesh’s goat milk production reached 2.6 million tons. In this country, there is a type of goat, namely the Black Bengal which is bred for milk.
Sudan is the 3rd World’s biggest country producing goat milk in the world in 2021. Based on data from FAO, Sudan’s goat milk production reached 1.1 million tons. In the country of Sudan, the goat population is widely spread in the Central, Southern, and Daffur regions.
Pakistan is the 4th largest country producing goat milk in the world in 2021. Based on data from FAO, Pakistan’s goat milk production reaches 991 thousand tons. In this country, there are several types of goats that are bred for milk production, namely Beetal, Dera Din Panah, Damani, and Kamor.
France is the 5th largest country producing goat’s milk in the world of 2021. Based on data from FAO, the production of goat’s milk in France reached 709 thousand tons. Nouvelle-Aquitaine, Pays-De-La-Loire, and Occitanie are some of the regions in France that are central to goat milk production in France.
Turkey is the 6th largest country producing goat milk in the world in 2021. Based on data from FAO, Turkey’s goat milk production reached 622 thousand tons. In this country, there are several types of goats that are developed for milk production, namely Hair goats and Angora Goats.
Spain is the 7th largest country producing goat’s milk in the world in 2021. Based on data from FAO, Spain’s goat milk production reaches 519 thousand tons. Statistically, there are several central areas of goat milk production in Spain. South (Andalusia: 41%), center-east (Castilla la Mancha), Canary Islands, and southeast (Murcia) are some of the central regions of goat milk production in Spain.
8. South Sudan
South Sudan was the 8th largest country producing goat milk in the world in 2019. Based on data from FAO, South Sudan’s goat milk production reached 460 thousand tons.
The Netherlands is the 9th largest country producing goat milk in the world in 2021. Based on data from FAO, the production of goat milk in the Netherlands reached 387 thousand tons. In this country, most dairy goats are found in the provinces of Noord-Brabant and Gelderland.
In 2021, Somalia became one of the world’s biggest goat milk producers. Statistically, the production of goat milk from Somalia reached 379,793 tons. In this country, there are popular goats. i.e. Somali goat that is popular for the production of goat milk in Somalia.
Niger is one of the largest country producing goat milk in the world in 2021. Based on data from FAO, the country’s goat milk production reached 471 thousand tons.
Bibliography of 10 World’s Biggest Goat Milk Producing Countries in 2021
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Puji, A.2021.Kupas Tuntas Manfaat Susu Kambing untuk Kesehatan Tubuh Anda. Accessed via https://hellosehat.com/nutrisi/fakta-gizi/manfaat-susu-kambing-kesehatan-tubuh/ on June 30th, 2022.
Choudhary, Sanjay & Raheja, Nitin & Kamboj, Madan.2018. Present Status and Proposed Breeding Strategies for Goat Production in India. Accessed via https://www.researchgate.net/publication/332670206_Present_Status_and_Proposed_Breeding_Strategies_for_Goat_Production_in_India on on June 30th, 2022.
Aziz, H. A. E., M. Elrasheed, A. Mohamed, and Birima. 2010.Economic Impact of Selected Milk Production DetermiNants on Milk Production in The Sudan: A Case of Belgravi a Dairy Farm by H Ag.
Iqbal, Arshad & Khan, Bakht & Tariq, Muhammad & Mirza, M. (2008). Goat-A Potential Dairy Animal: Present and Future Prospects. Pakistan Journal of Agricultural Sciences. 45. 227- 230.
Engindeniz, Sait & Uçar, Kubilay.2016. Goat Milk Production and Marketing in Turkey. Accessed via https://www.researchgate.net/publication/327366456_GOAT_MILK_PRODUCTION_AND_MARKETING_IN_TURKEY
Ana Guerrero, José Alfonso Abecia and Carlos Sañudo. 2019. The Goat Sector in Spain: Situation, Local Breeds, and Production Systems Accessed via ttps://www.intechopen.com/chapters/64771
CBS. 2020.The dairy goat herd has increased again. Accessed via https://www.cbs.nl/en-gb/news/2020/47/dairy-goat-herd-has-increased-again on 9 September 2021.
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Stergiadis S, Nørskov NP, Purup S, Givens I, Lee MRF. Comparative Nutrient Profiling of Retail Goat and Cow Milk. Nutrients. 2019;11(10):2282. Published 2019 Sep 24. doi:10.3390/nu11102282