10 World's Biggest Garlic-Producing Countries

10 World’s Biggest Garlic-Producing Countries

10 World’s Biggest Garlic-Producing Countries – Based on data from the FAO Statistical Database (FAO Stats), there are 10 World’s Biggest Garlic-Producing Countries. So far, Garlic (Allium sativum L.) is one of the tuberous vegetable crops that are widely cultivated in various countries in the world.). Based on its history, this plant is one of the oldest crops originating from the Asian continent.

10 World's Biggest Garlic-Producing Countries - King of Garlic

Functionally, garlic (Allium sativum L.) is a very important commodity because it has many functional uses, especially as a cooking ingredient and medicinal. Biochemically, garlic bulbs contain compounds allicin and scordinin which are antibiotic substances, and this can increase the immune system of the human body. In addition, from a culinary perspective, Garlic is also known as a cooking ingredient and is very popular. Commonly, the bulb of garlic has a spicy and fragrant aroma because it contains methyl allyl disulfide compounds that make dishes more delicious.

Taxonomically, the garlic plant belongs to the Kingdom: Plantae; Order: Asparagales; Family: Amaryllidaceae; Subfamily: Allioideae; Genus: Allium; Species: A. sativum. Based on the classification, this plant is included in the Amaryllidaceae family, so it has a closed relationship with blood lily (Cape tulip), Cornish lily (Nerine), belladonna lily, onions (A. cepa), French shallots (A. oschaninii), and the other plants with the same family.

10 World's Biggest Garlic-Producing Countries - Production Based on Continent

According to the FAO database in 2019, the total production of garlic worldwide reached 30.7 million tons with a recorded land area of 1.6 million hectares. If viewed in terms of continents, garlic production is still concentrated on the Asian continent with production reaching 2 million tons (contributing about 90% of the world’s total garlic production), followed by the African continent with 800 thousand tons (contributing 2.7% of the total production). world production), then the Americas by 780 thousand tons (contributing to 2.6% of the total world production).

If you look at the country statistics, of course, there are several countries with the biggest garlic production in the world. The ranking data were obtained from the FAO statistical Database (FAO Stats) from the Food and Agriculture Organization (FAO) from the United Nations (UN). Here is the ranking of the 10 biggest garlic-producing countries in the world in 2019.


Table Rank 10 World’s Biggest Garlic-Producing Countries

RankCountriesProduction of Garlic 2019
Tons
1China, mainland23,258,424
2India2,910,000
3Bangladesh466,389
4Republic of Korea387,671
5Egypt318,800
6Spain271,350
7United States of America237,340
8Algeria223,311
9Uzbekistan216,272
10Ukraine215,070
Source : FAO Statistical Database, 2019

Brief Description of 10 World’s Biggest Garlic-Producing Countries


10 World's Biggest Garlic-Producing Countries - Brief description

1.China, mainland             

China become the World’s Biggest Garlic-Producing Country in 2019. Based on the FAO Statistical database, the production of Garlic reached 23 million tons. Geographically, in China, based on the Statista database in 2016, there are several provinces with the Highest production of Garlic. These provinces are Shandong with production reach 2.3 million tons, Henan reaches 1.3 million tons, Jiangsu reaches 840 thousand tons, Yunnan reaches 480 thousand tons, Hebei reaches 240 thousand tons, and another province. Genetically, in China, there are several local cultivars of Garlic namely Aching garlic from Heilongjiang, Changshan garlic from Shandong, Yingxian garlic from Shanxi, Taichang garlic from Jiangsu, Chucheng garlic from Anhui, Jiading garlic from Shanghai, Shanggao garlic from Jiangxi, and Chuanxi garlic from Sichuan.


2.India

India is the 2nd   World’s Biggest Garlic-Producing Countries in 2019. According to the FAO Statistical database, the production of India’s Garlic reaches 2.9 million tons. In India, Geographically, there are some States with the Highest production of Garlic Based on Apeda in 2017-2018, these states are Rajasthan with production reach 582 thousand tons, Uttar Pradesh with production reach 188 thousand tons, Gujarat reaches 151 thousand tons, Punjab reaches 73 thousand tons, and Assam reaches 61 thousand tons.  Genetically, there are some garlic cultivars from India, namely Bhima Purple, Bhima Omkar, Yamuna Safed-3, and Agrifound Parvati.


3.Bangladesh       

Bangladesh is the next World’s Biggest Garlic-Producing Countries. In 2019, Based on the FAO Statistical database, the production of Bangladesh’s Garlic reach 466 thousand tons. In this country, there are some garlic cultivars. These are BARI Roshun-1, BARI Roshun-2, BARI Roshun-3, BARI Roshun-4 which were developed by Bangladesh Agricultural Research Institute (BARI), GC-017, GC-023, GC-018, GC-006. Although the highest production of Garlic, this country still imported garlic from China.


4.Republic of Korea

The Republic of Korea is the 4th World’s Biggest Garlic-Producing Countries. The Production of Garlic in this country up to 387 thousand tons. Geographically, in this country, there is the main center of garlic production namely Changnyeong and Uiseong region.


5.Egypt   

Egypt is the next 5th world’s biggest garlic producer. In 2019, the production of garlic reaches 318 thousand tons. In Egypt, there are some popular cultivars of Garlic namely Balady and Chinese-Sids40.


6.Spain   

Spain is the biggest producer of the Europe Continent. According to the FAO Statistical database, garlic production reaches 271 thousand tons. In Spain, geographically, the main garlic cultivation area is spread over in some regions. These areas are Castile-La Mancha, which currently has 19,292 hectares of garlic area, followed by Andalusia, with 4,838 hectares of garlic area, Castile-Leon, with 1,786 hectares, Madrid, with 872 hectares, and Extremadura, with approximately 500 hectares. Genetically, there are some cultivars of garlic in Spain namely Spanish Roja garlic, Spring White, American White, Morados, and Violets.


7.United States of America            

The United States of America is the next one. The production from this country reaches 237 thousand tons. In the United States, Geographically, there is the main region of the Garlic Cultivation area.  These areas are California as the major garlic-producing state followed by Oregon and Nevada. Genetically, there are some cultivars of Garlic in the USA. These Cultivars are Bogatyr, Brown Tempest, Calabrian Red, Chesnok Red, French Pink, Georgian Fire, and German White.


8. Algeria 

Algeria is the biggest country in Africa besides Egypt. In 2029, its production reaches 223 thousand tons.  This country also exported its garlic production to other countries.


9.Uzbekistan        

Uzbekistan is one of the biggest with production reach 216 thousand tons. The product garlic from Uzbekistan are turban garlic. The turban Garlic has large bulbs.


10.Ukraine

Ukraine is the 10th World’s Biggest Garlic-Producing Countries. Based on FAO statistical database in 2019, the production of Garlic from Ukraine reaches 215 thousand tons. In this country, there are some garlic varieties namely Prometheus, Harnas, Promin, Sophia’s, Manuilovsky, Goodness, and Merefiansky white. Odessa region is one of the areas garlic Cultivation.


Bibliography 10 World’s Biggest Garlic-Producing Countries

FAO. 2021. Production of Garlic: top 10 producers 2019. Accessed via http://www.fao.org/faostat/en/#data/QCL/visualize  on September 25, 2021.

Statista. 2019. Production volume of garlic in China as of 2016, by leading province. Accessed via  https://www.statista.com/statistics/744342/china-production-of-garlic-by-leading-province/ on September 25, 2021.

Xinhua, W. and Wufeng, D. 1997. Famous Garlic Native to China: Its Problems and Strategies. Acta Hortic. 433, 133-136
DOI: 10.17660/ActaHortic.1997.433.11. https://doi.org/10.17660/ActaHortic.1997.433.11.

Apeda Agrix-change. Indian Production of Garlic (HSCODE-1100). Accessed via http://apeda.in/agriexchange/India%20Production/India_Productions.aspx?hscode=1100 on September 25, 2021.

Saha, Rina & Mian, Md & Kundu, Subarna & Sarker, Khokan. 2020. Performance of Garlic (Allium sativum) Varieties under Zero Tillage Mulch Condition in Southern Coastal Region of Bangladesh. Proceedings. 36. 159. 10.3390/proceedings2019036159.

Raslan, Mai & Abouzid, Sameh & Mamdouh, Abdallah & Hifnawy, Mohamed. (2015). Studies on garlic production in Egypt using conventional and organic agricultural conditions. African Journal of Agricultural Research. 10. 1631-1635. 10.5897/AJAR2013.7103.

FreshPlaxa. 2021. The garlic sector is a great generator of employment in Spain. Accessed via https://www.freshplaza.com/article/9219378/the-garlic-sector-is-a-great-generator-of-employment-in-spain/ on September 25, 2021.

Southern Exporters Spain. Garlic. Accessed via  https://southernexporters.com/the-company/garlic  on September 24, 2021.

Boriss, H. 2006. Commodity Profile: Garlic. Agricultural Marketing Resource Center. The University of California. Accessed via https://aic.ucdavis.edu/profiles/Garlic-2006B.pdf  on September 24, 2021.

Ukraine Garlic Company.Varieties of garlic in Ukraine. Accessed via https://ukrup.com.ua/en/varieties-of-garlic-in-ukraine/  on September 25, 2021

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