10 World’s Biggest Country Producers of Caviar- According to Paper entitled “Sturgeon meat and caviar production: Global update 2017” by Paolo Bronzi, there are 10 World’s Biggest Country Producers of Caviar. Nutritionally, based on the Caviar Star, the caviar contains full of protein, calcium, iron, magnesium, phosphorus, selenium, and vitamins A, B2, B6, B12, B44, D, K and more. Caviar is also known to contain a variety of natural essential amino acids such as lysine, arginine, isoleucine, methionine and histidine. With huge nutrition content in Caviar, some people can get benefit to their health. If consuming the caviar, It can reduce signs of skin aging, improve brain and mental health, promote heart health, improve male fertility, and support your immune system.
Caviar is a nutritious food consisting of salt-cured roe of the family Acipenseridae. The term “caviar” comes from the Persian expression of “Mahi Khaviari” that means the “egg generating fish” (Bronzi et al. 2011). Commonly, in human lives, the most popular and valued caviar has been produced from sturgeon fished in the Caspian Sea. Sturgeon is the common name for 27 fish species belonging to the Acipenseridae family.
Based on the Species of Surgeon, there are some species that most used as Caviar production. These include A. baerii accounting for 31% of production, A. gueldenstaedtii (20.4%), the hybrid H. dauricus × A. schrenckii (13.1%), Acipenser transmontanus (12.1%), and Acipenser ruthenus (5.2%) (Bronzi et.al, 2017). In the future, the caviar production has faced some inhibition and challenge that lead to significant decline of wild sturgeon populations. Basically, legal and illegal overfishing, habitat deterioration, river fragmentation including damming and pollution are some of the reasons that makes sturgeon population has decreased gradually.
Based on the country producers in 2016, there are some countries that has huge production of Caviar. Basically, all of these data were obtained from the Pape entitled “Sturgeon meat and caviar production: Global update 2017” by the author of Paolo Bonzi. Here is the rank of the 10 World’s Biggest Country Producers of Caviar in 2016.
The Rank 10 World’s Biggest Country Producers of Caviar in 2016
|Rank||Country's Producers||Caviar Production in 2016|
|7||United States of America||15.9|
|Source : Sturgeon meat and caviar production: Global update, 2017|
Brief Description of 10 World’s Biggest Country Producers of Caviar
China still becomes the biggest producer of Caviar in 2016. Based on Global Production, the production of Caviar from China reached 100 tonnes. Based on population, species of sturgeon in China, distributed in the Yangtze River basin, Heilongjiang River basin and the river basins in Xinjiang. based in Caviar industry in China, there are some popular companies in caviar production. Hangzhou Qiandaohu Xunlong Sci-Tech Co Ltd is one of the leader caviar industries in China and can produce 60 tonnes of caviar annually. Furthermore, this company has popular caviar brands “Kaluga Queen”. Basically, Kaluga Queen is used for 21 of the 26 3-starred Michelin restaurants in Paris.
Russia is the 2nd biggest producer of Caviar in 2016. Based on the Database, the production of Caviar from Russia reached 49 tonnes. in this country, Russian Caviar House is the leader of Caviar production. its farm fish located in the Suda River in Vologda Oblast. Historically, this company was founded by Alexander Novikov in 1978. in Russia , there are many kind of caviar. basically, it can be classified into Black caviar and Red caviar. Black Caviar comes from Russia includes Beluga caviar, Ossetra caviar, Sevruga caviar, Sterlet caviar, Kaluga caviar. Meanwhile, Red Caviar includes Pink salmon roe, Keta salmon roe, Sockeye salmon roe, Trout roe, Pike roe, and Pollock roe.
Italy is the 3rd biggest producer of Caviar in 2016. Based on the Database, the production of Caviar from Italy reached 43 tonnes. in Italy, the sturgeon and caviar production are concentrated predominantly in Brescia. Specifically, in Calvisano, this area has become the world’s largest sturgeon’s farm. Based on corporate, Agroittica Lombarda Group (Italica Caviar and Calvisuis Caviar) produces 15% of the world’s caviar.
France is the 4th biggest producer of Caviar in 2016. Based on the Database, the production of Caviar from France reached 37 tonnes. in France, Aquitaine and Sologne regions become the main area of caviar production in France
Poland is the 5th biggest producer of Caviar in 2016. Based on the Database, the production of Caviar from Poland reached 20 tonnes. Geographically, Warmia is one of sturgeon farming in Poland. in Polish, Antonius Caviar is one of the famous caviar brands from Polish that has achieved CITES (Convention on International Trade in Endangered Species of Wild Fauna and Flora) certificate.
Germany is the 6th biggest producer of Caviar in 2016. Basically, the production of Caviar from Germany achieved 16.1 tonnes. In Germany, some species of Sturgeon can be found in Eider, Elbe, Weser, Ems and Rhine.
7.United States of America
United States of America is the 7th biggest producer of Caviar in 2016. Basically, the production of Caviar from United States of America reached 15.9 tonnes. in USA, Hackleback is one of the famous caviars in United States of America (USA). Based on species, Shovelnose Sturgeon, Sand Sturgeon, Wild Atlantic Sturgeon, and California White Sturgeon are some species that has used to make Caviar in United States of America (USA).
Bulgaria is the 8th biggest producer of Caviar in 2016. Basically, according to the database, the production of Caviar from Bulgaria reached 8 tonnes. in this country, Bulgarian Sturgeon Caviar is one of the most premium Caviar in Bulgaria. Based on the species, Acipenser Gueldenstaedtii is the main species to make Bulgarian Sturgeon Caviar.
Uruguay is the 9th biggest producer of Caviar in 2016. According to the database, the production of Caviar from Uruguay reached 6 tonnes. In Uruguay, Baygorria Farm is one of caviar farming in Uruguay that produce luxury product of caviar in Uruguay. Furthermore, this product also exported into foreign countries, namely some Europe countries, China, Brazil, and India. Based on the brand, Black River Caviar is one of the most popular brands of caviar from Uruguay.
Israel is the 10th biggest producer of Caviar in 2016. According to the database, the production of Caviar from Israel reached 5.5 tonnes. Geographically, the Caviar from Israel comes from Dan Springs. Meanwhile, based on product, Karat Israeli Osetra Caviar is one of caviar product from Israel.
Bibliography of 10 World’s Biggest Country Producers of Caviar
Caviar Star. 2020.Caviar Nutrition – Is Caviar Good for you? . Accessed via https://caviarstar.com/blogcaviar-nutrition-is-caviar-good-for-you/#:~:text=One%20serving%20of%20caviar%20is,%2C%20isoleucine%2C%20methionine%20and%20histidine. on November 10th, 2022.
Bronzi BP, Rosenthal H, Gessner J. 2011. Global sturgeon aquaculture production: an overview. J Appl Ichthyol. 27(2):169–175. doi:10.1111/j.1439-0426.2011. 01757.x.
Bronzi,P., M.Chebanoc, J.T.Michaels., Q.Wei.,H.Rosenthal., and J.Gessner. 2018.Sturgeon meat and caviar production: Global update 2017. J Appl Ichthyol. 2019;35:257–266.DOI: 10.1111/jai.13870.
Kovalchuk OM, Hilton EJ. 2017. Neogene and Pleistocene sturgeon (Acipenseriformes, Acipenseridae) remains from southeastern Europe. J Vertebr Paleontol. 37(5): e1362644. doi:10.1080/02724634.2017.1362644.
Wikipedia. 2022.Kaluga Queen.accessed via https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Kaluga_Queen on November 10th , 2022.