10 World’s Biggest Cassava Producers- Cassava is one of the most important crops that has multi benefits to humans’ nutrition. Many countries in the world used this plant to supply the energy of humans. Besides meeting human nutrition, Cassava can be used to Animal Feed, Biofuel, and Laundry starch (Starch for shirts and other garments). Historically, Cassava (Manihot Esculenta Crantz) comes from the tropics area around Central America and South America.
Taxonomically, based on the Commonwealth Agricultural Bureaux International (Cabi)) Database, Cassava can be included into Kingdom: Plantae; Phylum: Spermatophyta; Subphylum: Angiospermae; Class: Dicotyledonae; Order: Malpighiales; Family: Euphorbiaceous; Genus: Manihot; Species: M. esculenta. Basically, agronomically, this crop can be planted in the arid region because of its resistance to the drought conditions. So far, many regions with fewer precipitations plant this species to increase the land productivity and produce some food in a drought areas.
Statistically, based on the world’s production in 2020, the Total world’s production of cassava in 2020 reached 302 million tons with a harvested area of around twenty-eight million hectares (ha). Specifically, in continent area, the production of cassava is spread over several continents. The main area is Africa with production reaching 193 million tons, followed by Asia with production of around eighty-one million tons, and the Americas with twenty-six million tons.
Table Rank of 10 World’s Biggest Cassava Producers in 2020
|Rank||Countries||Production of Cassava in 2020|
|2||Democratic Republic of the Congo||41,014,256|
|10||United Republic of Tanzania||7,549,879|
|Source : FAO Statistical Database, 2022|
Brief Description of 10 World’s Biggest Cassava Producers in 2020
Nigeria is one of the World’s Biggest Cassava Producers. In 2020, the production of Nigeria’s cassava reached sixty million tons. Based on the state in Nigeria, there are some states as the main cultivation area. These states are Benue, Kogi, Enugu, Imo, Cross River, and the other state. Statistically, the planted area of Benue reached 261 thousand hectares, followed by Kogi with 184 thousand hectares, Enugu with 186 thousand hectares, Imo with 156 thousand hectares, and Cross River with 177 thousand hectares.
2. the Democratic Republic of the Congo
Congo is the second-biggest producer of cassava. In 2020, the production of Congo achieved forty-one million tons. Statistically, Congo still greatly depends on Cassava as their main nutrition because Cassava is still the main dish for the people of Congo and everyone in Congo eats cassava. According to the production of Cassava, the southern region is still the main area of cultivation with accounted for 2.4 million tons of production and a cultivation area of around 358 thousand hectares.
Thailand is the third-biggest producer of cassava. The production of Muang Thai country reached twenty-eight million tons in 2020. In this country, there are several provinces as the main growing area of cassava. These are Kamphaeng Phet province with the harvested area of around seventy-nine thousand hectares, Nakho Swan with harvested area around forty-two thousand tons, Uthai Thani with thirty-three thousand hectares, and Petchabun with ten thousand hectares.
Ghana is the next biggest country in cassava production. The production of cassava from this country reached twenty-one million tons. Geographically, there is some area that became the main production of cassava. These are the forest-Savannah transition, and the forest agro-ecological zones including Eastern, Brong-Ahafo, Ashanti, Central, and Volta regions are the major cassava producing areas that account for more than 80% of the total cassava production in Ghana.
Indonesia is the fifth-biggest producer of Cassava in 2020. The Production of archipelago countries reached 18.3 million tons. Geographically, In Indonesia, the cassava production area is spread across thirteen provinces. The top five cassava-producing provinces are Lampung, Central Java, East Java, West Java, and DI Yogyakarta. Furthermore, Data from the Directorate General of Food Crops shows that the cassava planting area in 2019 was 628,305 ha and production was 16.35 million tons.
Brazil is the sixth-biggest producer of Cassava on the American Continent. Statistically, the production of samba country reached 18.2 million tons. Geographically, there are the main areas of Cassava in Brazil. Northeast Regions, South Regions, and North Region still become the main area of cassava cultivation. The Northeast region contributes around 40% of national production, followed by South region around 20% and North region with 18% of national contribution.
Vietnam is the seventh-biggest producer of Cassava. Statistically, the production of cassava from this country reached 10.4 million tons in 2020. In this country, there are some regions of Cassava in Vietnam. Central Coast, Central Highlands, South-eastern, and North Mountainous are some areas of cassava cultivation in Vietnam. The Central Coast area of cassava is around 170 thousand hectares, followed by the central Highlands with 150 thousand hectares, South-eastern with 115 thousand hectares, and North Mountainous with 110 thousand hectares.
Angola is the eighth-biggest producer of cassava in 2020, the production of Angola reached 8.7 million tons. Statistically, in this country, there are 839 thousand hectares of cassava cultivation area.
Cambodia is the next biggest producer of cassava. The production of cassava from Cambodia reached 7.6 million tons in 2020. In this Country, Cassava has grown with the addition of a growing area, in 2003, Cassava cultivating areas is just 26,000 ha 2003 to 400,000 ha in 20117 and then to 656,868 ha in 2021. It grows rapidly basically from time to time
10. the United Republic of Tanzania
Tanzania is the 10th biggest producer of cassava in 2020. Statistically, the production of cassava from Tanzania reached 7.5 million tons. Geographically, there are main cultivation areas of cassava in Tanzania. These areas are Mwanza, Mtwara, Lindi, Shinyanga, Tanga Ruvuma, Mara Kigoma, the coastal regions, and Zanzibar.
Bibliography of 10 World’s Biggest Cassava Producers in 2020
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