10 World’s Biggest Barley Producers

10 World’s Biggest Barley Producers

10 World’s Biggest Barley Producers- According to FAO Statistical Corporate Database (FAOSTAT), there are 10 World’s Biggest Barley Producers.  Barley (Hordeum vulgare) is one of the most planted crops in the World besides Paddy, wheat, maize, and Soybean. Functionally, Barley can be used mostly as animal feed and more than 60% of the global production of Barley is used to fulfill the animal nutrition. Meanwhile, the rest of the harvested can be used as the raw material for making beer, and some components of additional food ingredients.

10 World’s Biggest Barley Producers- King of Barley Producers

Biologically, this crop, Hordeum vulgare, can be classified into Order: Poales; Family: Poaceae; Subfamily: Pooideae; Genus: Hordeum; Species: H. vulgare. Because of its classifications in biological taxonomy, this crop has close relations with Corn (Zea mays), Paddy (Oriyza sativa), Sorghum (sorghum), Wheat (triticum), Bamboo (Bambusoideae), and other species.

10 World’s Biggest Barley Producers- Production Based on Continent

Statistically, in 2020, the world’s production of Barley reached 157 million tonnes with the harvested area around 51 million hectares. Based on the continent regions, the production of Barley has spread across the continents. Specifically, the Europe region still became the main area of Barley production with an output of around 94 million tonnes. Furthermore, Asia and Africa are in the second and third positions with the production of around 25.5 million tonnes and 21.1 million tonnes, respectively.  Lastly, Oceania can produce 10.4 million tons and Africa can produce 5.5 million tonnes.

Based on the Country’s production, there are 10 World’s Biggest Producers in 2020. This Data was obtained from FAO Statistical Corporate Database in 2020. Here is the rank of 10 World’s Biggest Barley Producers in 2020.

The Rank of World’s Biggest Barley Producers

RankCountriesProduction of Barley in 2020
(Tonnes)
1Russian Federation20,938,993
2Spain11,465,350
3Germany10,769,200
4Canada10,740,600
5France10,273,570
6Australia10,127,175
7Türkiye8,300,000
8United Kingdom of Great Britain and Northern Ireland8,117,000
9Ukraine7,636,340
10Argentina4,483,062
Source : FAOSTAT, 2022

Brief Description of World’s Biggest Barley Producers

1.Russian Federation    

Russia Federation becomes the biggest producer of Barley in 2020. According to FAO Statistical Corporate Database (FAOSTAT), the production of Russia’s barley reached 20,938,993 tonnes. Geographically, the main area of Barley in Russia can be found in several regions.  Central, Volga, Southern, Siberia, Northwest, Ural are some of the main regions of Barley Production in Russia. Based on the Kind of Barley, The Spring Barley located mostly in Central, Volga, Siberia, and Urals. Meanwhile, Winter barley is mostly in North Caucasus and Southern

2.Spain

Spain is the 2nd biggest producer of Barley in 2020. According to FAO Statistical Corporate Database, the production of Barley from Spain reached 11,465,350 tonnes. Geographically, some of barley cultivation has spread in some regions at Spain. Castile and Leon, Castile-La Mancha, Aragon, Catalonia are some regions in Spain of Barley Cultivations. These regions contribute mostly to Nationwide production in Spain.

3.Germany        

Germany is the 3rd biggest producer of Barley in 2020. According to FAO Statistical Corporate Database, the production of Barley from Germany reached 10,769,200 tonnes. Geographically, the Barley production area in Germany located in Bavaria, Baden-Württemberg, Rhineland-Palatinate, North-Rhine-Westphalia, and Lower Saxony.

4.Canada           

Canada is the 4th biggest producer of Barley in 2020. According to FAO Statistical Corporate Database, the production of Barley from Canada reached 10,740,600 tonnes. Geographically, in Canada, there are main regions of Barley cultivation. Saskatchewan and Alberta are the main regions of Barley Cultivation in Canada.

5.France            

France is the 5th biggest producer of Barley in 2020. According to FAO Statistical Corporate Database, the production of Barley from France reached 10,273,570 tonnes. Geographically, in France, there are some regions of Barley cultivation. Some main regions of Barley cultivation in France are in Picardie, Centre, Champagne-Ardenne, Haute-Normandie and Nord-Pas-de-Calais.

6.Australia        

Australia is the 6th biggest producer of Barley in 2020. According to FAO Statistical Corporate Database, the production of Barley from Australia reached 10,127,175 tonnes. Geographically, there are main regions of Barley in Australia. New South Wales, Victoria, South Australia, and Queensland are some of the main regions of Barley production in Australia.

7.Türkiye           

Turkiye/ Turkey is the 7th biggest producer of Barley in 2020. Statistically, the production of Barley from Turkiye reached 8,300,000 tonnes. Geographically, the main regions of Barley production in Turkiye can be found in Ankara Province, Konya Province, and Şanlıurfa Province/ Urfa Province.

8.United Kingdom of Great Britain and Northern Ireland            

United Kingdom of Great Britain and Northern Ireland is the 8th biggest producer of Barley in 2020. Statistically, the production of Barley from these regions reached 8,117,000 tonnes. In England, the main region of barley can be found in Eastern, Southwestern, South Eastern, East Midlands, Yorks and Humber. Meanwhile, in Scotland, the main region of Barley can be found in the Southeastern and Northeastern.

9.Ukraine          

Ukraine is the 9th biggest producer of Barley in 2020. According to FAO Statistical Corporate Database, the production of Barley from Ukraine reached 7,636,340 tonnes. In Ukraine, Spring barley contributes over 90 percent of all nationwide barley. Based on the region, the main production region of Barley in Ukraine is eastern Ukraine.

10.Argentina    

Argentina is the 10th biggest producer of Barley in 2020. According to FAO Statistical Corporate Database, the production of Barley from Argentina reached 4,483,062 tonnes. Geographically, Buenos Aires Province still becomes the major area of barley cultivation in Argentina with contributes more than 70% of national production.


Bibliography of 10 World’s Biggest Barley Producers

FAOSTAT. 2022. Production of Barley: top 10 producers 2020. Food and Agriculture Organization Statistical Corporate Database (FAOSTAT). Accessed via https://www.fao.org/faostat/en/#data/QCL/visualize on September 11th, 2022.

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