10 World’s Biggest Banana-Producing Countries-There are 10 World’s Biggest banana-producing countries according to data released by the Food and Agriculture Organization (FAO) in 2021. Bananas (Musa sp) are one of the favorite fruits in the world around the world. Many nutrients are contained in bananas such as carbohydrates, manganese, protein, B vitamins, vitamin C, vitamin A, potassium, and magnesium. The following are 10 banana-producing countries in the world based on data released by the Food and Agriculture Organization (FAO) in 2021.
Banana is a plant that belongs to the Musaceae family. There are many species of banana in the world. From time to time, the banana is still one of the most popular crops in the worlds Based on the Food and Agriculture Organization Statistical Database (FAO Stats), the total worldwide production of bananas reaches 124 million tons with a harvested area of 5.3 million hectares. Its demand has increased from time to time. It can be looked at the world production of bananas has an upward trend from 1980 to 2021. In 1980, the world’s banana production was just 37 million tons with harvested areas of around 2.7 million hectares. In 2021, the production has increased into 117 million tons with harvested areas of around 5.1 million hectares.
World’s Production and Harvested Areas of Banana from 1980 to 2021
|Years||Harvested Areas||Production of Banana|
|Source : FAOSTAT, 2022|
Based on the continent, statistically, the main region of Banana production is in Asia, America, and Africa continent. Total Production of Banana in Asia Continent reach 68 million tons, America reaches 31 million tons, and Africa produces 22.9 million tons. Meanwhile, Europe and Ocean produces with minor productions.
Rank Table of 10 World’s Biggest Banana-Producing Countries
|Rank||Countries||Banana Production in 2021|
|9||United Republic of Tanzania||3,588,510|
|Source : FAOSTAT, 2021|
Brief Description of 10 World’s Biggest Banana-Producing Countries
India is the world’s biggest Banana-Producing Country in 2021. Accumulatively, its total banana production reaches 33 million tons with a planted area of around 800 thousand hectares. In this country, bananas are the most important fruit crop commodity in India because they are the most widely grown besides mangoes. There is the main area of the Banana plantation in India. The banana-growing areas in India are the states of Maharashtra, Tamil Nadu, Karnataka, Gujarat, Andhra Pradesh, and Assam with the states of Maharashtra and Tamil Nandu as the largest banana-growing areas. In the country where Mahatma Gandhi originated, the types of bananas grown in India include Monthan, Poovan, Dwarf Cavendish, Nendran, Red banana, Basrai, Ardhapuri, Nyali, Safed Velchi Rasthali, and Karpurvalli.
China is the second-largest country after India as the world’s largest banana producer in 2021. Most of the banana-growing areas in China are in the provinces of Guangdong, Guangxi, Hainan, Fujian, and Yunnan. Its total production in 2021 reached 11.7 million tons with a planting area of 370 thousand hectares. The types of bananas cultivated in China are divided into four types, namely Xiangyajiao (AAA), Dajiao (ABB), Fenjiao (ABB), and Longyajiao (AAB).
Indonesia is the 3rd largest country as the largest banana producer in the world. In 2021, its production reached 8.7 million tons. The largest banana growing areas in Indonesia are East Java, West Java, and Lampung. Ambon, Mas, Kepok, Cavendish, Raja Bandung, and tanduk bananas are some of the popular types of bananas in Indonesia and are widely grown in this country.
Brazil is the 4th biggest country as the banana producer in the World. According to FAO Data in 2021, its production reached 6.8 million tons. In this country, the main areas for banana cultivation in Brazil are in the Regions of São Paulo, Bahia, Minas Gerais, and Parána. In terms of the banana plant cultivar, there are several types of bananas planted, namely Banana-maçã (Apple banana), Banana-nanica (dwarf banana), Banana prata (silver banana), Banana ouro (gold banana), Banana pacova (pacova banana).
Ecuador is the 5th biggest country as the banana producer in the World. Its banana production in 2021 reached 6.6 million tons. Banana cultivation areas in this country are in El Oro, Guayas, and Los Ríos. In addition, in this country, there are several large banana companies Chiquita, Del Monte, Dole, and Noboa that produce and market Ecuadorian bananas. There are several favorite types of bananas in this country, namely Plátano Verde, Plátano Maduro, Orito, Red Banana, and Manzano.
Phillipines is the 6th biggest producer of Banana in 2021. According to FAO Statistical Corporate Database in 2021, the production of Banana from Philippines reached 5.9 million tons. Geographically, the main cultivation area of Banana in Phillipines are located in Mindanao, with Davao region, Northern Mindanao and Soccskargen
Based on its species, Cavendish is the most-grown variety in the Philippines, accounting for 53% of all bananas,
followed by Saba and Lakatan.
Angola is the 7th biggest country in banana production. In Africa, Angola is still the biggest country as a banana producer. Based on FAO in 2021, its banana production reaches 4.3 million tons. In this country, bananas are still one of the favorite fruits in Angola.
Guatemala is the 8th biggest banana producer. In 2021, its national production reached 4.2 tons. Fundamentally, the banana economy can employ around 25 thousand people. It’s quite good to boost the economic conditions. Total banana agribusiness contributes about 16.4 percent of agricultural revenues in this country. Guatemala also exports its banana to several Countries namely the United States of America. Around 90 percent of the bananas are produced along Guatemala’s south coast and the harvesting banana is sold to the company like Dole, Chiquita, Del Monte, and Fyffes. Overall, around 80 thousand of land are planted with Banana.
9. the United Republic of Tanzania
Tanzania is one of the biggest countries as banana producers in the world. In 2021, the national production of bananas in Tanzania reaches 3.5 million tons. There are some main regions as banana production areas. Kagera, Kilimanjaro, and Mbeya regions together produce about 80% of the total banana production in the country. In this country, Bananas are intercropped with other annual and perennial crops like coffee, maize, beans, cassava. This method is an alternative manner to increase the productivity of the economy of farmers.
10. Costa Rica
Costa Rica is the 10th biggest country as a Banana producer. In 2021, their production reaches 2.9 million tons. eographically, the banana cultivation in Costa Rica are located in province of Limon and Huetar Caribe.
Bibliography 10 World’s Biggest Banana-Producing Countries
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Apeda. Banana. Accessed on 1 September 2021 via http://apeda.in/agriexchange/Market%20Profile/one/BANANA.aspx
Wikipedia. 2021. Produksi pisang di Indonesia on. Accessed on 2 September 2021 via https://id.wikipedia.org/wiki/Produksi_pisang_di_Indonesia
Krishjagran, 2019. What are the Important Banana Varieties in India? Accessed via https://krishijagran.com/agripedia/what-are-the-important-banana-varieties-in-india/
NBB. Banana. Accessed via http://nhb.gov.in/report_files/banana/BANANA.htm on 1 September 2021
Ticitimes.2014. Guatemalan banana bosses deny they’re exploiting Campesinos. Accessed via https://ticotimes.net/2014/04/22/guatemalan-banana-bosses-deny-theyre-exploiting-campesinos on 1 September 2021
Reuters. 2015. AFRICA BUSINESS-Angola’s blooming banana plantations offer new hope for farming. Accessed via https://www.reuters.com/article/angola-agriculture-idUSL5N0Y620620150519 o 2 September 2021
Suleiman, Rashid. 2018. Local and regional variations in conditions for agriculture and food security in Tanzania: A review. 10.13140/RG.2.2.13136.76801.
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