10 World’s Biggest Avocado-producing Countries– There are 10 World’s biggest avocado-producing countries based on Food and Agriculture Organization (FAO) database in 2019. So far, avocado (Persea americana) is a fruit plant originating from American Continent and it has been planted in many countries all over the world. Based on its nutritional content, avocados are also a complete source of nutrients because they contain vitamins C, E, and K, as well as folate, potassium, a few antioxidants that are good for health.
In 2019, Avocado Production in all over the world based on FAO Statistical Database reached 7 million tons with cultivated area up to 726 thousand hectares. According to the continent area if we look at the production area. The American Continent still became the main center of avocado production with 5,2 million tons. The Continent of Africa, Asia, and Europe was next with the production of 950 thousand tons, 795 thousand tons, and 110 thousand tons respectively.
Historically, the avocado plant (Persea americana) came from Central America, namely Mexico, Peru, and Venezuela. Until now, along with its benefits, the cultivation of this plant has spread widely to various countries. Of all types of avocados, there are 3 major groups of avocado species, namely the Mexican, West Indian, and Guatemalan groups. All three have differences in fruit size, fruit skin texture, taste, fat content, resistance to disease and storage, and adaptability to the environment. In Taxonomically in Biology Science, this plant belongs to the order Laurales and the family Lauraceae so that this plant is still closely related to cinnamon (Cinnamomum zeylanicum), cassia vera (C. burmanii), and scented wood or camphor wood (C. camphora).
Table Ranking of the World’s Biggest Avocado Producing Countries
|Rank||Countries||Total Production in 2019|
|Source : FAO Statistical Database (FAO Stats, 2019)|
Brief Description of 10 World’s Biggest Avocado-producing Countries
Mexico became the World’s Biggest Avocado-producing Country. In 2019, its avocado production reached 2.3 million tons with a planted area of around 100 thousand hectares. Mexico’s avocado production area is concentrated in the state of Michoacán and most avocado production comes from this state. Types of avocadoes grown in Mexico include Fuerte, Hass, Bacon, Reed, Criollor, and Zutano.
2. Dominican Republic
The Dominican Republic is the 2nd World’s Biggest Avocado-producing Country. In 2019, the total production reached 661 thousand tons. The planting area is almost spread out in various regions of the country, namely in the North, in the Southwest, in the Central, and in the South. To date, some of the avocado growing areas in the country are in Elias Piña, Moca, Altamira, San Cristobal, San José de Ocoa, Mao, Montecristi, Dajabón, Barahona, San Juan, La Romana, El Seibo, Baní, and Duvergé. In terms of plant agronomy, the most widely cultivated avocado types are Carla, Semil 34, and Hass with the type of Semil-34 being widely most produced in this country.
Peru is the 3rd World’s Biggest Avocado-producing Country. In 2019, the total production reached 535 thousand tons. Some of the avocado-growing areas in the country are La Libertad, Lambayeque, Lima, Aca, and Ancash. Hass and Fuerte are some of the most widely cultivated avocado species in this region. Until now, Peruvian avocados are also exported to foreign markets especially in the European region.
Columbia is the 4th biggest avocado producer in the world. In 2019, the total production reached 535 thousand tons. The Hass Avocado is one of the most widely cultivated types of avocadoes in the country. In this country, many avocado plantation developments have been carried out because of the large potential area. In addition, many foreign investors have invested in this country, thus supporting the acceleration of the expansion of avocado production.
Indonesia is the 5th avocado-producing country in the world. In 2019, the total production reached 461,000 tons. Basically, this fruit is one of the fruits that are in demand by the people of Indonesia. In terms of geography, the largest planting areas for this commodity are in the provinces of East Java, West Java, West Sumatra, Central Java, and South Sumatra. When viewed from the type, there are several popular types of avocadoes, namely the type of avocado Wina, kendil, mentega, miki, and Pluwang.
Kenya was the 6th biggest avocado producer. In 219, its avocado production reached 364 thousand tons. The area for avocado production in this country around more than 20 thousand hectares. The avocado plantation spread across Nandi, Bomet, Uasin Gishu, Trans- Nzoia, Bungoma, and Siaya.
Brazil was the 7th biggest avocado producer in the world. In 2019, the avocado production of Samba Country reached 242 thousand tons. The major avocado areas in Brazil are in several states mainly Sâo Paulo, Minas Gerais, and Parana, Rio Grande do Sul and Ceará. In terms of cultivars of avocado, the avocado cultivars are Pollock, Fuchs, Simmonds, Prince, Linda, and Wagner. These cultivars are introduced from foreign countries. Besides the introduction of cultivars, some local avocado cultivars from Brazil are still cultivated in these countries. Some of them are Geada, Fortuna, Quintal, Ouro Verde, and Solano.
Haiti was the 8th biggest avocado producer in the world. In 2019, Haitian Avocados reached 231 thousand tons. In this country, avocados are one of the main agricultural commodities. Some of the avocado’s production is exported to another country namely Dominican Republic.
Chile was the 9th biggest avocado producer in the world. In 2019, Chilean Avocados reached 162 thousand tons. Geographically, there are three major avocadoes growing regions in Chile. These areas are the river basins of the Petorca, La Ligua rivers, The Aconcagua Valley and The Maipo–Mapocho and Cachapoal river valleys. Some popular types of avocado in Chile are Hass, Zutano, and Bacon.
Israel was the 10th avocado producer in the world. In 2019, the production of Avocados from Israel reached 138 thousand tons. Geographically, the main growing areas of Avocado in Israel are along the Coastal Plain from Rosh Hanikra in the North down to the Gaza belt district, in addition to Israel’s hinterland areas such as the Jordan Valley and the Upper Galilee (Eastern Valleys). The percentage of Avocado growing along the coast is 70% while the remaining 30% grows in the Eastern Valleys
Bibliography of 10 World’s Biggest Avocado-producing Countries:
Production of Avocados. 2018. Food and Agriculture Organization Accessed via http://www.fao.org/faostat/en/#data/QC/visualize on
Wikipedia. 2021. Avocado production in Mexico. Accessed via https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Avocado_production_in_Mexico on 30 August 2021.
Inter-American Institute for Cooperation on Agriculture. 2021. The Avocado Crop: Great Potential for The Dominican Republic. Accessed via https://www.iica.int/en/node/17304 on 30 August 2021.
Statista. 2021. Production of avocado in Peru in 2020, by region. Accessed via https://www.statista.com/statistics/934553/peru-avocado-production-volume-region/ on 30 August 2021.
FreshPlaza. 2021.Colombia ranks third in the production and area devoted to Hass avocado. Accessed via https://www.freshplaza.com/article/9305966/colombia-ranks-third-in-the-production-and-area-devoted-to-hass-avocado/ on 30 August 2021.
Avocado Socety of Kenya. 2020. Avocado Growing in Kenya for The World. The Past, Present, & Future. Accessed via https://eservices.coleacp.org/sites/default/files/file_fields/2020/Workshops/WEBINAR_2020.pdf on 30 August 2021.
Donadio, LC. 1987. Present status of Brazilian avocado industry. Accessed via http://www.avocadosource.com/wac1/wac1_p082.pdf on 30 August 2021.
Haitiantreasures.2021.10,000 tons of Haitian Avocados Exported to The Dominican Republic. Accessed via http://www.haitiantreasures.com/HT_IMAGES/HT_avocado.report.htm on 30 August 2021
Avo Research. 2002. THE Chilean Avocado Industry: An Overview. A California Avocado Commission Publication 2:1. accessed via http://www.avocadosource.com/journals/avoresearch/avoresearch_02_01_2002_hofshi_chile.pdf. on 30 August 2021
Israel Agri. The Israeli Avocado Industry. Accessed via https://www.israelagri.com/?CategoryID=453&ArticleID=978 on 30 August 2021