10 Word’s Biggest Ginger-Producing Countries

10 Word’s Biggest Ginger-Producing Countries

10 Word’s Biggest Ginger-Producing Countries– Based on data from the FAO Statistical Database (FAO Stats) in 2019, there are 10 World’s Biggest Ginger-Producing Countries. They are the world’s leading producer of ginger with hundreds of thousands to millions of tons of ginger tubers harvested annually.

10 Word’s Biggest Ginger-Producing Countries- Biggest Country of Ginger Production

So far, ginger is a medicinal and spice plant in the form of pseudo-trunked clumps with various health benefits. Based on its history, Ginger comes from the Asia Pacific region around India to China. Therefore, China and India are said to be the first countries to use ginger as an ingredient in drinks, cooking spices, and traditional medicines.

In general, based on its taxonomy. Ginger belongs to the kingdom: Plantae; Division: Spermatophyta; Subdivisions: Angiosperms; Class: Monocotyledonae; Order: Zingiberales; Family: Zingiberaceae; Genus: Zingiber; Species: Zingiber officinale Rosc. Based on the above classification, ginger is included in Zingiberaceae and has a close relationship with other species such as Cucuma xanthorrizha, black turmeric (Curcuma aeruginosa), Curcuma domestica, Kaempferia galanga, galangal (Languas galanga) and others.

10 Word’s Biggest Ginger-Producing Countries- Statisctic Based on Continent

Globally, based on statistical figures, worldwide ginger production in 2019 reached 4 million tons with a planted area of 385 thousand hectares. Based on the production area at the continental level, the Asian continent is still the center of ginger plantations with production in 2019 reaching 3.2 million tons, followed by the African continent with production reaching 811 thousand tons, America with a production of 37 thousand tons, and Oceania reaching 9 thousand tons.

If you look at the country level, of course, there are 10 countries that have the biggest ginger production in the world. Based on data from the Food and Agriculture Organization (FAO) in 2019. Here are the 10 world’s biggest ginger-producing countries in the world in 2019.


Ranking the Top 10 Ginger-Producing Countries in the World in 2019

RankCountriesGinger Production in 2019
Tons
1India1,788,000
2Nigeria691,239
3China, mainland581,137
4Nepal297,512
5Indonesia174,380
6Thailand166,923
7Cameroon83,434
8Bangladesh80,234
9Japan45,506
10Philippines26,929
Source : FAO Statistical Database, 2019


Description of the World’s Top 10 Ginger-Producing Countries in 2019

10 Word’s Biggest Ginger-Producing Countries- Brief Description of Biggest Country

1. India

India still became the world’s biggest producer of ginger. Based on data from the FAO Statistical Database, ginger production in 2019 reached 1.7 million tons. In Mahatma Gandhi’s home country, ginger is cultivated in all over the states of India. However, there are several states that are the main centers of ginger cultivation, namely the states of Karnataka, Orissa, Assam, Meghalaya, Arunachal Pradesh, and Gujarat. These states cumulatively contribute up to 65 percent of India’s total ginger production. Genetically, there are several prominent native and introduced ginger cultivars in India. The cultivars/types of ginger include Maran, Kuruppampadi, Ernad, Wayanad, Himachal, Nadia, and Rio De-Janeiro cultivar. These cultivars are very popular among ginger farmers in India.


2. Nigeria

Nigeria is the second biggest ginger-producing country in the world. In 2019, Nigeria’s ginger production reached 691 thousand tons. In this country, there are several major states as centers of ginger production and cultivation. The states include Kaduna, Bauchi, Benue, Gombe, and Nasarawa.


3. China

China is the 3rd biggest producer of ginger in the world. Based on data from the FAO Statistical Database (FAOStas), ginger production in 2019 reached 581 thousand tons. In this panda country, the main growing area of ginger is in Shandong province which accounts for about 75% of China’s ginger production. In China, the area of ​​ginger plantations is around 30 thousand hectares.


4. Nepal

Nepal is the 4th biggest ginger-producing country in the world. In 2019, Nepal’s ginger production reached 297,000 tons. In the country of Nepal, there are several areas of cultivation and production of Ginger. The area includes Ilam and Salyan Districts. In 2015, Nepal was listed as one of the world’s largest exporters of ginger with total exports reaching 24 thousand tons. Of the total value of its export trade, almost most of its production is destined for the Indian market.


5. Indonesia

Indonesia is the 5th biggest ginger-producing country in the world. Based on data from the FAO Statistical Database (FAOStats) in 2019, ginger production 2019 reached 174 thousand tons. In 2020, according to data from the Central Statistics Agency, there are several provinces that are central to ginger cultivation in Indonesia. The ginger plantation area is still concentrated on the island of Java, which includes East Java with a production of 45 thousand tons, West Java with a production of 34 thousand tons, and Central Java with a production of 31 thousand tons.


6. Thailand

Thailand is the 6th biggest ginger-producing country in the world. In 2019, Thailand’s ginger production reached 166 thousand tons. Statistically, in Thailand, there are several central areas for growing ginger. The region includes the provinces of Petchabun, Loei, Chiang Rai, and Pha Yao.


7. Cameroon

Cameroon is the 7th biggest ginger-producing country in the world. In 2019, Cameroon’s ginger production reached 83 thousand tons. In this country, the area planted with ginger is around 24 thousand hectares in 2019. With abundant ginger production, this country is also listed as a ginger exporter whose market is aimed at several countries such as Belgium, Congo DRC, France, Yemen, and the US.


8. Bangladesh

Bangladesh is the 8th biggest ginger-producing country in the world. In 2019, Bangladesh’s ginger production reached 80 thousand tons. In this country, ginger is a popular spice plant. Geographically, Nilphamari district and Khagrachari District are some of the main gingers growing areas in Bangladesh.


9. Japan

Japan is the 9th biggest ginger-producing country in the world. In 2019, Japanese ginger production reached 45 thousand tons. In Japan, ginger plants are widely grown in Kochi Prefecture, especially in Shimanto. In Japan, Ginger planting is done in April and the harvest is expected to occur in November.


10. the Philippines

The Philippines is the 10th biggest ginger-producing country in the world. In 2019, the Philippines’ ginger production reached 26 thousand tons. In this country, there are several central areas of ginger cultivation which include the Cagayan Valley, Calabarzon, and Northern Mindanao regions. Economically, ginger production from the Philippines is also exported to several countries such as Japan, Germany, Hong Kong, England, and Northern Ireland.



Bibliography of 10 Word’s Biggest Ginger-Producing Countries

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Indian Institute of Spices Research. Ginger. Accessed via https://vikaspedia.in/agriculture/crop-production/package-of-practices/spices/ginger  on September 16, 2009.

Medium. 2020. Statistics: Ginger Production in Nigeria. Accessed via https://medium.com/thrive-agric/ginger-production-in-nigeria-c8af56c737c1  on September 16, 2021.

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GIZ Germany. 2017. Ginger Sector in Nepal. Accessed via http://www.tepc.gov.np/tepc_pub/2017_Ginger%20Factsheet.pdf  on September 14, 2021.

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Selinawamucii. 2019. Cameroon Ginger Market Insights. Accessed via https://www.selinawamucii.com/insights/market/cameroon/ginger/#:~:text=ginger%20in%202019.-,Production,24%2C435.00%20hectares%20under%20ginger%20cultivation  on September 16, 2021.

Huda, Fakir & Islam, Shahidul & Biswas, H & Islam, MS. 2008. Impact Assessment Study on Selected Spice Crops Under Action Plan in Bangladesh. Progressive Agriculture. 19. 229 – 241. 10.3329/pa. v19i2.16965.

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Shungate. 2017. Growing with Nature’s Rhythm: Ginger from Shimanto. Accessed via https://shun-gate.com/en/roots/roots_67/  on September 15, 2021

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