10 Indonesia’s Biggest Provinces of Rambutan- According to BPS-Statistics Indonesia, there are 10 Indonesia’s Biggest Provinces of Rambutan. These provinces have huge production of Rambutan in Indonesia. Historically, the rambutan is native to Malaysia and the name “rambutan” is derived from the Malay word “rambut” meaning ‘hair’ referring to the numerous hairy around the skin (exsocarp) of these fruits (Morton, 1987).
Rambutan (Nephelium lappaceum) is tropical exotic fruits that be found in tropical areas such as Africa, Cambodia, the Caribbean, Central America, India, Indonesia, Malaysia, the Philippines, Thailand and Sri Lanka. Taxonomically, Rambutan can be classified into Subdivision: spermatophytes; Class: Magnoliopsida; Superorder: Rosanae; Order: Sapindales; Family: Sapindaceae; Genus: Nephelium L.; Species: Nephelium lappaceum L. Due to its classification int Sapindaceace family, this tree has close relationship with lychee (Litchi chinensis), longan (Dimocarpus longan), pitomba (Talisia esculenta), guinip/mamoncillo (Melicoccus bijugatus), korlan (Nephelium hypoleucum), and ackee (Blighia sapida), guaraná (Paullinia cupana), and soapberries.
Indonesia is one of the producers of Rambutan (Nephelium lappaceum) in the world and it has many distributions production of area of Rambutan. Many kinds of rambutans with different tastes and skin-coloured has spread in Indonesia. Some types of rambutan from Indonesia are Rambutan Binjai, Rambutan Cimacan, Rambutan Lebak Bulus, Rambutan Si Bongkok, Rambutan si Nyonya, Rambutan si Batuk Ganal, Rambutan Antalagi, Rambutan Rapiah, Rambutan Narmada, Rambutan Garuda, Rambutan Kapulasan, Rambutan Bahrang and many more.
Basically, Indonesia, this fruit is the seasonal fruits that can only be available in the specific times. In Indonesia, the harvesting time of Rambutan is commonly in the months of November till December every year. Here are the production areas of Rambutan in Indonesia. All of the data was obtained from BPS-Statistics Indonesia (Official government institute of statistics in Indonesia). Here is the rank of the biggest province of Rambutan production in Indonesia with where you can find many kinds of rambutan with different tastes and structures.
The Rank of Biggest Provinces of Rambutan in Indonesia
|Rank||Province||Production of Rambutan in 2021|
|10||NUSA TENGGARA BARAT||25,074|
|23||NUSA TENGGARA TIMUR||7,889|
|29||KEP. BANGKA BELITUNG||3,044|
In this article, we also just discuss about 10 Indonesia’s Biggest provinces of Rambutan. Here is the brief description of 10 Indonesia’s Biggest Provinces of Rambutan.
Brief Descriptions of 10 Indonesia’s Biggest Provinces of Rambutan
1.Jawa Barat (West Java)
Jawa Barat (West Java) still become the biggest producer of Rambutan in Indonesia. According to Statistics Indonesia (BPS), the production of Rambutan from Jawa Barat reached 171,069 tons in 2021. Specifically, in Jawa Barat, some of the main city/ regency that has huge production of Rambutan are Tasikmalaya, Purwakarta, Ciamis, Subang, And Bogor. Based on genotype, some of the type of rambutan from Jawa Barat,namely Rambutan Cimacan, Rambutan Kapulasan, Rambutan Walahar, Rambutan Sukowono, Rambutan Bariah, and rambutan Gula Batu.
2.Jawa Timur (East Java)
Jawa Timur (East Java) also has huge production of rambutan in 2021. Statistically, the production of Rambutan from Jawa Timur (East Java) reached 123,200 tons. Based on the city/ regency, the production of rambutan in Jawa Timur mostly can be found in Kediri, Pasuruan,Jember, Blitar, and Ngawi.
3.Jawa Tengah (Central Java)
Jawa Tengah is the 3rd Indonesia’s biggest province of rambutan in 2021. According to Statistics Indonesia, the production of Rambutan from Jawa Tengah reached 121,619 tons. Based on the city/ regency, the production of rambutan in Jawa Tengah mostly can be found in Karanganyar, Jepara, Banyumas, Batang, Tegal, Semarang, and Kendal.
Riau is the Indonesia’s biggest producers from of rambutan from Sumatera Island. Statistically, the production of Rambutan from Riau reached 40,510 tons. In this province, rambutan binjai can be found in this province. In Riau province, some production areas of Rambutan has spread into Kampar, Indragiri Hulu, and Rokan Hilir. Based on the cultivars, Riau has popular rambutan. It is called Rambutan Nona from Kampar
Aceh also has huge production of Rambutan. Basically, this province can produce 38,813 tons of rambutan in 2021. Basically, Aceh is well-known as Rambutan Aceh this cultivar has planted and cultivated in some provinces in Indonesia. Geographically, in the province of Aceh, some of production of rambutan distributes in Aceh Besar, Bireuen, Aceh Selatan, and Pidie Jaya.
6.Sumatera Utara (North Sumatera)
Sumatera Utara can produce Rambutan around 34,655 tons in 2021. Geograhically, in the province of Sumatera Utara, some of production of rambutan ditributes mostly in Mandailing Natal, Asahan, Langkat, Tapanuli Selatan. Based on the genotype, this province has popular rambutan, namely Rambutan Binjai and Rambutan Brahrang.
7.Sumatera Barat (West Sumatera)
Sumatera Barat also produce rambutan approximately 34,541 tons according to Statistics Indonesia. Geograhically, in the province of Sumatera Barat, some of production of rambutan ditributes mostly in Pesisir Selatan, Lima Puluh Kota, Padang City, Agam. Based on genotypes, there are some rambutan from Sumatera Barat. Some of the types are Rambutan Korong Dagang / rambutan Udang and Rambutan Gulo-Gulo.
Banten is the Indonesia 8th biggest producer of Rambutan in 2021. According to Statistics Indonesia, the production of rambutan from Banten reached 31,396 tons. Based on Genotypes, there are some cultivars of rambutan from Banten. Some of the types are Rambutan Tangkue and Rambutan Parakan.
9. Sulawesi Selatan (South Sulawesi)
Sulawesi Selatan is the 9th biggest producer of Rambutan in 2021. According to Statistics of Indonesia, the production of Rambutan from Sulawesi Selatan reached 28,493 tons. Based on the Geographical areas, there are Some main growing areas of rambutan in Sulawesi Selatan. These can be found in Gowa, Pinrang, Luwu, Bone, Sinjai, Bulukumba, and Luwu Utara.
10. Nusa Tenggara Barat (West Nusa Tenggara)
Nusa Tenggara Barat is next biggest province in Indonesia with huge production of Rambutan in 2021. According to Statistics Indonesia, the production of Rambutan from Nusa Tenggara Barat reached 25,074 tons. Geographically, some main growing areas of rambutan in Nusa Tenggara Barat located in Lombok Barat, Lombok Tengah, Lombok Timur, Bima, and Lombok Utara. Based on the genotype, Rambutan Narmada is one of the popular rambutan from NTB.
Bibliography of 10 Indonesia’s Biggest Provinces of Rambutan
(BPS – Statistics Indonesia). 2023. Production of Fruits 2021. Accessed via https://www.bps.go.id/indicator/55/62/1/produksi-tanaman-buah-buahan.html on May 8th, 2023.
Integrated Taxonomic Information System (ITIS). 2023. Nephelium L. Accessed via https://www.itis.gov/servlet/SingleRpt/SingleRpt?search_topic=TSN&search_value=500682#null on May 8th, 2023.
Morton, J. 1987. Rambutan. p. 262–265. In: Fruits of warm climates. Julia F. Morton, Miami, FL.