10 China's Most-Produced Agriculture Commodities

10 China’s Most-Produced Agriculture Commodities

10 China’s Most-Produced Agriculture Commodities- According to FAO Statistical Corporate Database (FAOSTAT), the are 10 China’s Most-Produced Agriculture Commodities. Basically, this agricultural commodity has huge production in China.  Statisically, China is one the biggest country on economic sectors. With huge population around 1.4 billion of people until 2021, China has Gross Domestic Products (GDP) around 17.73 trillion US Dollars according to World Bank Database in 2021. After Deng Xiaoping revolutionized the economy China, this country can develop to be the biggest economy in the World besides the United States of America (USA).

10 China's Most-Produced Agriculture Commodities- List of agricultural commodities from China

Based on the GDP’s contribution, Industry and services still become the major contributors of GDP in China. The industry sector can contribute around 40.5% while the service can contribute around 51.6%. Basically, Agriculture Sector contributes around Agriculture 7.9%. In the agriculture sector, China also has some competitive products. Some of its products are used to fulfil the domestic consumption and exported to other countries. Here is the rank of 10 China’s Most-Produced Agriculture Commodities. All of these data were obtained from FAO Statistical Corporate Database (FAOSTAT) in 2022.

Table Rank of 10 China’s Most-Produced Agriculture Commodities

RankMost-Produced Agriculture Commodities From China Production in 2020
(Tonnes)
1Maize (corn)26,0670,000
2Rice211,860,000
3Wheat134,250,000
4Sugar cane108,121,000
5Potatoes78,183,874
6Cucumbers and gherkins72,779,781
7Tomatoes64,768,158
8Watermelons60,083,387
9Sweet potatoes48,949,495
10Meat of pig with the bone, fresh or chilled41,133,300
Source : FAOSTAT, 2022


Brief Description of 10 China’s Most-Produced Agriculture Commodities


10 China's Most-Produced Agriculture Commodities- Brief description

1.Maize (corn) 

Maize (Zea mays) still become the most-produced agricultural commodity In China. Statistically, according to FAO Statistical Corporate Database (FAOSTAT), the production of Maize from China reached 260,670,000 tonnes in 2020. Geographically, in China, there are some provinces that has huge production of maize. Jilin, Shandong, Heilongjiang, Hebei, Henan are some of the main regions in China.

2.Rice   

Rice (oryza sativa) become the 2nd most produced-agriculture commodity in China after Maize. Statistically, the production of Rice from China reached 211,860,000 tonnes. Geographically, there are some regions of rice production. Some of them are Heilongjiang, Hunan, Hubei, Jiangxi, Jiangsu, and Anhui are some of the main regions of rice cultivation in China.

3.Wheat

Wheat is the 3rd most-produced agriculture commodity from China in 2020. According to FAO Statistical Corporate Database (FAOSTAT), the production of Wheat from China reached 134,250,000 tonnes. in China, based on the type of wheat, there are two types of wheat, namely Winter Wheat and Spring Wheat. Winter wheat contributes more than 90% annual production of wheat in China. Meanwhile, Spring wheat just contribute around 5% of annual production of wheat in China. Based on the regions, the winter wheat is in Henan, Shandong, Jiangsu, Anhui, and Hebei. These regions become the main regions of winter wheat cultivation in China. Meanwhile, Spring wheat in china can be mostly found in Xinjiang, Gansu, and Nei Mongolia.

4.Sugar cane     

Sugarcane is the 4th most-produced agriculture commodity from China in 2020. According to FAO Statistical Corporate Database (FAOSTAT), the production of Sugarcane from China reached 108,121,000 tonnes. Geographically, in China, there are many regions as the sugarcane production. Based on the statista, the production area in China located in Guangxi, Yunnan, Guangdong, Hainan, Guizhou, Jiangxi, and Zhejiang.

5.Potatoes        

Potatoes is the 5th most-produced agriculture commodity from China in 2020.  According to FAO statistical Corporate Database (FAOSTAT), the production of Potatoes from China reached 78,183,874 tonnes. Geographically, the main regions of potatoes in china can be found in North China (Heilongjiang, Jilin, Liaoning, Inner Mongolia, Hebei, Shanxi, Shaanxi, Ningxia, Gansu, Qinghai and Xinjiang) and Southwest China (Yunnan, Guizhou, Sichuan, Chongqing, Tibet, Hubei and Hunan).

6.Cucumbers and gherkins        

Cucumber and Gherkins is the 6th most-produced agriculture commodity from China in 2020. Statistically, in 2020, the production of Cucumber dan Gherkins from China reached 72,779,781 tonnes. Geographically, the main regions of cucumber in china can be found in Beijing, Tianjin, Hebei, Shanxi, Inner Mongolia, Liaoning, Jilin, Heilongjiang, Shanghai, Jiangsu, Zhejiang, Anhui, Shandong, Henan, Hubei, Sichuan, Shaanxi, Gansu, Qinghai, Ningxia, and Xinjiang.

7.Tomatoes

Tomatoes is the next-biggest agriculture commodity in China. According to FAO Statistical Corporate Database (FAOSTAT), the production of Tomatoes from China reached 64,768,158 tonnes. Geographically, Xinjiang still became the largest production area for tomatoes in China.

8.Watermelons

Watermelons is the next-biggest agriculture commodity from China. According to FAO Statistical Corporate Database (FAOSTAT), the production of Watermelons from China reached 60,083,387 tonnes. Geographically, Henan, Hunan, and Shandong still become the main regions of Watermelon cultivation area in China.

9.Sweet potatoes          

Sweet potatoes is the next-biggest agriculture commodity from China. According to FAO Statistical Corporate Database (FAOSTAT), the production of Sweet Potatoes from China reached 48,949,495 tonnes. Geographically, in China, the sweet potatoes are mostly distributed in the southwest, east, and south of China.

10.Meat of pig with the bone, fresh or chilled   

Meat of Pig still become the most-favorable animal meat in China. Statistically, the production of Meat of pig reached 41,133,300 tonnes. Geographically, in China, there are some regions of pig production in China. These regions can be found in the Yangzi River region (Sichuan, Chongqing city, Guizhou, Hunan, Jiangxi, Jiangsu, Zhejiang and Anhui provinces) contributed 43.8% of national pork production. Furthermore, the Northern China region (Hebei, Shandong, and Henan provinces) contributes around 21.6% of national pork production. Northeastern region (Liaoning, Jinlin and Heilongjiang provinces) supplies 6.3% of national pork production and Southeastern region (Fujian, Guangdong, Yunnan and Hainan) with 13.2% of pork contribution.

Bibliography of 10 China’s Most-Produced Agriculture Commodities

FAOSTAT. 2022.Top 10 Commodities Production in China, mainland 2020. Accessed via https://www.fao.org/faostat/en/#rankings/commodities_by_country  on November 19th, 2022.

WorldOmeter. 2022.China Population. Accessed via https://www.worldometers.info/world-population/china-population/ on November 19th, 2022.

The World Bank.2022.GDP (current US$) – China. Accessed via https://data.worldbank.org/indicator/NY.GDP.MKTP.CD?locations=CN on November 19th, 2022.

Wang, Tianyu & Ma, Xinglin & li, yu & Bai, Dapeng & Liu, Cheng & Liu, Zhizhai & Tan, Xianjie & Shi, Yunsu & Song, Yanchun & Carlone, Mario & Bubeck, David & Bhardwaj, Hans & Jones, Elizabeth & Wright, Kevin & Smith, J.. (2011). Changes in Yield and Yield Components of Single-Cross Maize Hybrids Released in China between 1964 and 2001. Crop Science. 51. 512. 10.2135/cropsci2010.06.0383.

Statista. 2022. Sugarcane production volume in China in 2020, by region. accessed via https://www.statista.com/statistics/242803/sugarcane-production-in-china-by-region/ on November 20th, 2022.

ThePigsite.2006.China – Pork Powerhouse of the World. Accessed via https://www.thepigsite.com/articles/china-pork-powerhouse-of-the-world#:~:text=These%20regions%20are%3A%20Yangzi%20River,Northeastern%20region%20(Liaoning%2C%20Jinlin%20and on November 20th, 2022.

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