10 biggest countries of vanilla production in the world– There are 10 biggest countries of vanilla production in the world in 2019 according to data released by the Food and Agriculture Organization (FAO). Commonly, FAO oversees the agriculture sector all over the world. The FAO data summarizes vanilla production worldwide in 2019 from country to continent.
The vanilla commodity has always been interesting to follow because of its high selling value and even considered green gold in ancient times because it had a high economic value. So far, the vanilla plant (Vanilla planifolia) is widely used as a food fragrance, raw material for the food industry such as biscuits, sugar, bread, ice cream. The pharmaceutical industry also uses it to kill bacteria/pathogens and eliminate unpleasant odors. If viewed from the origin, this plant is possible to come from the Americas Region, precisely around Mexico, the Caribbean, and northern South America. Taxonomically, this plant is included in the family Orchidaceae (orchid-orchid tribe) which most of its member species are included in ornamental plant species.
The Food and Agriculture Organization (FAO), the United Nations Special agency that deals with world food and agriculture issues, published data on some of the largest vanilla-producing countries in 2019. Basically, Data from FAO shows that the total world vanilla production reaches 7,715 tons with a total planted area reached 102,435 hectares. When viewed from the continent, Asia and Africa are still the centers of world vanilla production. In 2019, the African continent was able to produce 3,427 tons of vanilla or 44% of world production, the Asian continent produced 3,060 tons or 40% of world production, the Oceania continent 706 tons or 9% of world production, and the Americas 522 tons or 6.8 % of world production.
Ranking Table of 10 Biggest Countries of vanilla Production in The World
|4||Papua New Guinea||495|
|Source : FAO Statistical Database (FAOSTAT, 2019)|
In more detail and when viewed from a country perspective, there are some of the largest vanillas producing countries, most of which are in the Asia and Africa Region. Here are some descriptions of the largest vanilla-producing countries in the world and their growing conditions in each country.
Madagascar is the world’s Biggest Vanilla-Producing Country, contributing more than 50% to world vanilla production. When viewed from a historical perspective, this plant has long been cultivated since the era of French colonialism. The history of the development of vanilla plants cannot be separated from this island because the inventor of the vanilla plant crossing method, Edmond Albius, was born on this island. In 1841, he was credited with finding a way to pollinate vanilla plants using sticks and hands which was initially difficult to do so that the crop could be harvested optimally.
In 2019, the country’s vanilla production reached 3,217 tons. Based on the geographic area, the northeastern region of Madagascar is the center to produce this plant. Anthalaha, Sambava, Vohemar, and Andapa are some of the country’s main vanilla-producing regions. In terms of functionality and benefits, many of the vanilla produced in this country are exported abroad. Total vanilla exports in 2017 reached 1600 tons.
Indonesia is the 2nd biggest vanilla-producing country in the world. In 2019, the total vanilla production reached 2,329 tons with around 52.58% of its domestic vanilla exported to other countries. The total value of Indonesian Vanilla exports reached 87.84 million dollars. Furthermore, In Indonesia, there are several vanilla production centers, namely East Java, Lampung, Central Java, West Java, North Sumatra, NTT, Yogyakarta, Papua, and several areas on the island of Sulawesi.
Mexico is the 3rd biggest vanilla-producing country in the world. In 2019, the country’s production reached 522 tons. Furthermore, In Mexico, there are some area productions of Vanilla namely are Totonacapan, the Veracruz region, and Oaxaca and Puebla. In addition, Vanilla in Mexico has beneficial usage as raw material for cakes, bread, yogurt, drinks, candy, etc. Even Mexican vanilla products call it the “Molina Vanilla” brand that is popular with people in the United States.
4. Papua New Guinea
Papua New Guinea is the world’s 4th largest producer. In 2019, its vanilla production reached 495 tons. There are 2 types of vanilla grown in this country: Bourbon (Vanilla planifolia) and Tahitian (V tahitensis). About 50-75% of the vanilla from Papua New Guinea comes from the province of East Sepik, which is concentrated in the districts of Maprik, Dreikikir, and Wosera and is also found in the provinces of Central, Morobe, East New Britain, and Madang.
China is the world’s 5th biggest producer. In 2019, vanilla production reached 379 tons. Many of these plant development projects are often interrupted and hampered by unexpected production. The government is trying to develop this plant by implementing a vanilla plant development project in Yunan Province with an area of more than 130 hectares and is still running.
Bibliography 10 Biggest Countries of Vanilla Production in The World
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Madacamp. 2020. Madagascar Vanilla. accessed via https://www.madacamp.com/Madagascar_Vanilla on July 3, 2020
Lovasoa, Rabary. 2018. Madagascar’s vanilla producers expect prices to remain high accessed via https://www.reuters.com/article/madagascar-vanilla/madagascars-vanilla-producers-expect-prices-to-remain-high-idUSL5N1V04HL on July 2, 2020.
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